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Table 29.6

5-Year Relative Survival (Percent), 2009-2015a
By International Classification of Childhood Cancer(ICCC)b Selected Group and Subgroupc and Sex and Age
Excluding benign brain and myelodysplastic syndromes

ICCC Group and Subgroup Both Sexes
Ages 0-19
Males
Ages 0-19
Females
Ages 0-19
Both Sexes
Ages <1
Both Sexes
Ages 1-4
Both Sexes
Ages 5-9
Both Sexes
Ages 10-14
Both Sexes
Ages 15-19
Both Sexes
Ages 0-14
All ICCC Groups Combined 84.1 83.0 85.3 77.7 85.8 83.6 83.0 85.0 83.7
I Leukemia 84.1 83.7 84.7 60.1 91.3 90.2 78.6 72.8 86.5
I(a) Lymphoid leukemia 88.5 87.8 89.4 55.9 94.4 92.7 83.5 74.1 90.7
I(b) Acute myeloid leukemia 66.0 65.4 66.7 63.9 70.7 70.6 58.3 66.3 65.9
II Lymphomas and reticuloendothelial neo. 93.5 93.7 93.1 - 88.2 95.3 93.7 93.5 93.5
II(a) Hodgkin lymphoma 97.3 97.3 97.1 - 94.9 99.4 98.2 96.7 98.4
II(b,c,e) Non-Hodgkin lymphoma 89.8 90.9 87.6 - 86.9 93.7 89.9 88.3 90.8
III CNS & misc intracranial & intraspinal neo. 74.1 73.2 75.1 58.9 75.4 70.0 79.1 76.8 73.5
III(a) Ependymomas and choroid plexus tumor 81.8 81.2 82.3 80.7d 79.2 79.7d 81.6d 90.5 80.0
III(b) Astrocytoma 81.2 80.0 82.5 81.5 90.4 77.3 81.7 75.4 82.8
III(c) Intracranial and intraspinal embryonal tumors 64.9 63.0 67.8 26.1 58.0 77.8 76.4 67.5d 64.6
III(d) Other gliomas 59.8 63.4 56.1 - 53.3 41.3 72.3 83.8 53.9
IV Neuroblastoma and other peripheral nervous cell tumors 80.6 79.0 82.3 90.5 76.2 78.7 91.6 56.8d 81.4
IV(a) Neuroblastoma and ganglioneuroblastoma 80.5 78.8 82.4 90.5 76.1 78.0 92.2 - 81.2
V Retinoblastoma 95.7 95.5 95.9 96.9 95.0 - - - 95.7
VI Renal tumors 90.7 87.4 93.7 87.6 93.7 90.2 91.7 75.0 92.1
VI(a) Nephroblastoma and other nonepithelial renal tumor 92.4 90.5 94.0 87.5 93.8 91.5 96.6 - 92.6
VII Hepatic tumors 75.3 74.0 77.4 87.3 79.6 68.4d 64.1d 44.0d 79.0
VII(a) Hepatoblastoma 82.2 80.2 85.6 87.1 79.4 - - - 82.5
VIII Malignant bone tumors 71.1 70.3 72.3 - 79.2d 74.5 72.0 68.0 73.2
VIII(a) Osteosarcoma 68.0 65.5 71.2 - - 71.7 67.6 66.6 69.0
VIII(c) Ewing tumor and related sarcomas of bone 69.9 71.6 67.7 - 91.5d 74.9d 74.1 57.5 76.3
IX Soft tissue and other extraosseous sarcomas 73.2 70.5 76.3 66.8 78.0 78.8 74.4 68.6 75.7
IX(a) Rhabdomyosarcoma 65.3 65.6 65.1 71.5d 73.7 79.4 55.8 44.9 70.5
X Germ cell & trophoblastic tumors & neo. of gonads 92.2 92.9 90.9 83.2 90.3 99.2 91.1 93.0 90.5
X(a) Intracranial and intraspinal germ-cell tumor 91.2 91.2 91.1 - - 100.0 90.0 92.5 90.3
X(c) Malignant gonadal germ cell tumor 96.4 96.3 96.6 95.4d 100.0 100.0 97.1 96.0 98.0
XI Other malignant epithelial neo. and melanomasf 93.3 89.9 94.8 - 90.0 92.7 92.9 93.6 92.6
XI(b) Thyroid carcinoma 99.5 99.7 99.4 - - 100.0 99.7 99.4 99.8
XI(d) Malignant melanoma 94.4 92.9 95.5 - 88.1d 95.4 95.5 94.5 94.7

Footnotes:

a SEER 18 areas (San Francisco, Connecticut, Detroit, Hawaii, Iowa, New Mexico, Seattle, Utah, Atlanta, San Jose-Monterey, Los Angeles, Alaska Native Registry, Rural Georgia, California excluding SF/SJM/LA, Kentucky, Louisiana, New Jersey and Georgia excluding ATL/RG). Expected survival rates are derived from life tables by socio-economic status, geography and race developed by the SEER program. Based on follow-up of patients into 2016.

b International Classification of Childhood Cancer is based on ICD-O-3. Steliarova-Foucher E, Stiller C, Lacour B, Kaatsch P. International Classification of Childhood Cancer, Third Edition. Cancer. April 1, 2005: Vol 103, No. 7 , pg 1457-1467.

c Classifications are shown for invasive cases only. For ICCC groups and subgroups that include in situ behavior, only invasive cases are shown except as noted.

d The standard error is between 5 and 10 percentage points.

e The standard error is greater than 10 percentage points.

f Includes in situ urinary bladder tumors.

- Statistic could not be calculated due to fewer than 25 cases during the time period.

Neoplasms are abbreviated as neo.

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