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Table 6.13

Cancer of the Colon (Invasive)

5-Year Relative Survival (Percent) by Year of Diagnosis

Year of
Diagnosis
All Races Whites Blacks
Both Sexes Males Females Both Sexes Males Females Both Sexes Males Females
1960-1963a - - - 43 42 44 34 32 35
1970-1973a - - - 49 47 50 37 36 38
1975-1977b 50.6 50.1 51.1 50.9 50.5 51.3 44.9 44.2 45.5
1978-1980b 52.3 51.2 53.1 52.4 51.3 53.4 48.9 47.5 49.8
1981-1983b 55.2 55.6 54.7 55.4 56.2 54.7 48.5 44.7 51.5
1984-1986b 58.3 58.8 57.8 59.0 59.6 58.5 49.2 48.9 49.3
1987-1989b 60.2 60.7 59.6 60.6 61.4 59.9 52.3 50.6 53.8
1990-1992b 62.0 62.3 61.7 62.7 63.1 62.4 53.3 54.6 52.3
1993-1995b 59.8 60.1 59.5 60.5 60.7 60.2 51.2 51.3 50.9
1996-1998b 62.1 62.3 61.8 62.8 62.8 62.8 53.7 56.0 51.8
1999-2001b 64.9 66.1 63.7 66.6 67.9 65.5 52.8 54.3 51.6
2002-2004b 64.8 64.6 64.9 65.7 65.7 65.7 55.6 55.1 56.0
2005-2009b 66.0 66.4 65.6 67.2 67.8 66.7 57.2 56.4 57.9
2010-2016b 64.7f 64.9f 64.5f 65.9f 66.1f 65.7f 56.5f 57.4f 55.8f

5-Year Period Survival (Percent)cd

Year All Races Whites Blacks
Both Sexes Males Females Both Sexes Males Females Both Sexes Males Females
2016 63.8 63.5 64.0 64.6 64.2 64.9 57.3 56.3 58.3

Stage Distribution (%) 2010-2016ce, Case Counts and Percentages

Stage at
Diagnosis
All Races Whites Blacks
Both Sexes Males Females Both Sexes Males Females Both Sexes Males Females
Number of cases 143,414 71,337 72,077 110,171 55,150 55,021 18,939 8,949 9,990
Percent 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
Localized 37 38 37 38 38 37 35 34 35
Regional 36 35 36 36 35 36 34 33 34
Distant 23 23 23 23 23 22 28 29 27
Unstaged/Unknown 4 4 4 4 3 4 4 4 4

5-Year Relative Survival (Percent) 2010-2016c by Age at Diagnosis

Age at
Diagnosis
All Races Whites Blacks
Both Sexes Males Females Both Sexes Males Females Both Sexes Males Females
Ages <45 68.7 66.7 70.5 70.4 68.1 72.8 60.5 57.3 63.0
Ages 45-54 68.4 67.6 69.3 69.3 68.4 70.3 61.1 60.1 62.1
Ages 55-64 65.6 64.9 66.5 66.6 65.7 67.7 58.4 57.9 58.9
Ages 65-74 66.3 64.9 67.8 66.8 65.4 68.3 59.4 57.0 61.7
Ages 75+ 56.3 56.3 56.3 57.7 57.7 57.7 47.5 44.9 48.2
Ages <65 67.0 66.0 68.1 68.1 66.9 69.4 59.6 58.6 60.7
Ages 65+ 60.7 60.6 60.7 61.5 61.4 61.5 54.0 52.9 54.8

5-Year Relative Survival (Percent) 2010-2016c by Stage at Diagnosise

Stage at
Diagnosis
All Races Whites Blacks
Both Sexes Males Females Both Sexes Males Females Both Sexes Males Females
All Stages 63.4 63.2 63.6 64.2 63.9 64.5 57.0 56.2 57.7
Localized 90.6 89.8 91.3 91.0 90.0 92.0 87.2 86.9 87.4
Regional 71.7 71.9 71.5 72.1 72.6 71.7 68.7 68.0 69.3
Distant 13.7 12.8 14.7 14.2 13.3 15.2 10.1 9.2 10.9
Unstaged/Unknown 27.8 32.8 23.6 25.8 31.3 21.3 29.1 31.8 26.0

Footnotes:

a Based on End Results data from a series of hospital registries and one population-based registry.

b SEER 9 areas (San Francisco, Connecticut, Detroit, Hawaii, Iowa, New Mexico, Seattle, Utah, Atlanta). Based on follow-up of patients into 2017. Expected survival rates are derived from the U.S. Annual Life Tables.

c SEER 18 areas (San Francisco, Connecticut, Detroit, Hawaii, Iowa, New Mexico, Seattle, Utah, Atlanta, San Jose-Monterey, Los Angeles, Alaska Native Registry, Rural Georgia, California excluding SF/SJM/LA, Kentucky, Louisiana, New Jersey and Georgia excluding ATL/RG). Expected survival rates are derived from life tables by socio-economic status, geography and race developed by the SEER program. Based on follow-up of patients into 2017.

d Period survival provides a 2016 estimate of survival by piecing together the most recent conditional survival estimates from several cohorts. It is computed here using three year calendar blocks (2010-2012: 0-1 year survival), (2009-2011: 1-2 year survival), (2008-2010: 2-3 year survival), (2007-2009: 3-4 year survival), (2006-2008: 4-5 years survival).

e Stage at diagnosis is classified using SEER Summary Stage 2000. Stage distribution percentages may not sum to 100 due to rounding.

f The difference between 1975-1977 and 2010-2016 is statistically significant (p<.05).

g The standard error is between 5 and 10 percentage points.

h The standard error is greater than 10 percentage points.

- Statistic could not be calculated due to fewer than 25 cases during the time period.

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