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Table 1.4

Summary of Changes in Cancer Mortality, 1950-2010 and
5-Year Relative Survival Rates, 1950-2009
Males and Females, By Primary Cancer Site
Primary Site Whites
U.S. Mortality
Percent Change
1950-2010a
5-Year Relative
Survival Rates
(Percent)b
Total
Percent
Change
APC 1950-1954 2003-2009
Oral cavity and pharynx -51.4 -1.3* 46 67.3
Esophagus 30.3 0.8* 4 20.4
Stomach -87.4 -3.4* 12 27.7
Colon and rectum -54.0 -1.2* 37 67.0
Colon -47.2 -1.0* 41 66.6
Rectum -69.4 -2.3* 40 68.1
Liver and intrahepatic bile duct 48.8 0.8* 1 16.8
Pancreas 27.2 0.1* 1 6.5
Larynx -37.8 -0.7* 52 64.4
Lung and bronchus 216.8 1.4* 6 18.0
Lung and bronchus (Males) 140.3 0.8* 5 15.7
Lung and bronchus (Females) 560.5 3.1* 9 20.4
Melanoma of the skin 177.9 1.3* 49 93.1
Breast(females) -34.6 -0.6* 60 91.7
Cervix uteri -82.3 -3.3* 59 70.5
Corpus and uterus, NOS -66.1 -1.7* 72 85.5
Ovary -8.9 -0.3* 30 43.9
Prostate -31.0 -0.3* 43 99.8
Testis -69.0 -2.9* 57 97.0
Urinary bladder -28.6 -0.7* 53 80.5
Kidney and renal pelvis 33.4 0.5* 34 73.3
Brain and nervous system 48.9 0.5* 21 33.2
Thyroid -41.2 -1.1* 80 98.2
Hodgkin lymphoma -79.3 -3.3* 30 88.7
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma 85.6 1.0* 33 72.3
Myeloma 207.3 1.3* 6 45.2
Leukemia -0.9 -0.3* 10 60.0
Childhood (Ages 0-14) -73.8 -2.7* 20 84.6
All Sites -12.7 -0.1* 35 69.2

Footnotes:

The APC is the Annual Percent Change over the time interval. Rates used in the calculation of the APC are age-adjusted to the 2000 U.S. standard population (18 age groups - Census P25-1130).

a U.S. Mortality Files, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Due to coding changes throughout the years: Colon excludes other digestive tract; Rectum includes anal canal; Liver & intrahepatic bile duct includes gallbladder & biliary tract, NOS; Lung & bronchus includes trachea & pleura; Ovary includes fallopian tube; Urinary bladder includes other urinary organs; Kidney & Renal pelvis includes ureter; NHL and myeloma each include a small number of leukemias; NHL includes a small number of ill-defined sites.

b Survival estimates for 1950-54 are from NCI Survival Report 5 with the exception of All Sites, Oral cavity & pharynx, Colon & rectum, Non-Hodgkin lymphoma and Childhood cancers which come from historical Connecticut data. Survival estimates for 2003-2009 are from the SEER 9 areas (San Francisco, Connecticut, Detroit, Hawaii, Iowa, New Mexico, Seattle, Utah, and Atlanta). Rates are based on follow-up of patients into 2010.

* The APC is significantly different from zero (p<.05).

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