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Table 1.4

Summary of Changes in Cancer Mortality, 1950-2011 and
5-Year Relative Survival Rates, 1950-2010
Males and Females, By Primary Cancer Site
Primary Site Whites
U.S. Mortality
Percent Change
1950-2011a
5-Year Relative
Survival Rates
(Percent)b
Total
Percent
Change
APC 1950-1954 2004-2010
Oral cavity and pharynx -51.9 -1.3* 46 67.4
Esophagus 28.3 0.8* 4 21.0
Stomach -88.1 -3.4* 12 28.1
Colon and rectum -55.3 -1.3* 37 66.9
Colon -48.6 -1.0* 41 66.5
Rectum -70.3 -2.3* 40 68.0
Liver and intrahepatic bile duct 53.0 0.8* 1 17.1
Pancreas 26.1 0.1* 1 7.2
Larynx -39.2 -0.7* 52 64.0
Lung and bronchus 207.5 1.4* 6 18.2
Lung and bronchus (Males) 131.9 0.7* 5 15.8
Lung and bronchus (Females) 543.9 2.9* 9 20.7
Melanoma of the skin 173.7 1.3* 49 92.9
Breast(females) -35.8 -0.6* 60 91.8
Cervix uteri -81.9 -3.2* 59 71.0
Corpus and uterus, NOS -66.2 -1.6* 72 85.3
Ovary -12.1 -0.3* 30 44.3
Prostate -33.9 -0.4* 43 99.8
Testis -70.5 -2.8* 57 97.0
Urinary bladder -28.7 -0.7* 53 79.8
Kidney and renal pelvis 33.7 0.5* 34 73.8
Brain and nervous system 50.5 0.5* 21 33.4
Thyroid -40.4 -1.0* 80 98.3
Hodgkin lymphoma -80.9 -3.3* 30 88.3
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma 82.6 0.9* 33 72.5
Myeloma 217.3 1.2* 6 46.8
Leukemia -0.8 -0.3* 10 61.0
Childhood (Ages 0-14) -74.3 -2.7* 20 84.4
All Sites -14.1 -0.1* 35 69.4

Footnotes:

The APC is the Annual Percent Change over the time interval. Rates used in the calculation of the APC are age-adjusted to the 2000 U.S. standard population (18 age groups - Census P25-1130).

a U.S. Mortality Files, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Due to coding changes throughout the years: Colon excludes other digestive tract; Rectum includes anal canal; Liver & intrahepatic bile duct includes gallbladder & biliary tract, NOS; Lung & bronchus includes trachea & pleura; Ovary includes fallopian tube; Urinary bladder includes other urinary organs; Kidney & Renal pelvis includes ureter; NHL and myeloma each include a small number of leukemias; NHL includes a small number of ill-defined sites.

b Survival estimates for 1950-54 are from NCI Survival Report 5 with the exception of All Sites, Oral cavity & pharynx, Colon & rectum, Non-Hodgkin lymphoma and Childhood cancers which come from historical Connecticut data. Survival estimates for 2004-2010 are from the SEER 9 areas (San Francisco, Connecticut, Detroit, Hawaii, Iowa, New Mexico, Seattle, Utah, and Atlanta). Rates are based on follow-up of patients into 2011.

* The APC is significantly different from zero (p<.05).

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