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Table 3.8

Cancer of the Brain and Other Nervous System (Invasive)

5-Year Relative Survival (Percent) by Year of Diagnosis
Year of
Diagnosis
All Races Whites Blacks
Both Sexes Males Females Both Sexes Males Females Both Sexes Males Females
1960-1963a - - - 18 16 21 19 17 21
1970-1973a - - - 20 18 22 19 19 19
1975-1977b 22.4 20.7 24.7 21.8 20.2 24.0 25.4 19.6 34.7g
1978-1980b 23.6 22.4 25.1 23.0 22.0 24.4 28.2 28.7 27.5
1981-1983b 24.1 23.0 25.4 23.3 22.4 24.4 30.8 31.7 29.2g
1984-1986b 26.9 25.6 28.5 26.1 24.8 27.8 30.8 32.8 28.3
1987-1989b 28.9 27.3 31.0 28.2 26.3 30.7 31.6 33.5 29.3
1990-1992b 30.1 30.4 29.7 29.1 29.4 28.8 39.5 40.7 38.1
1993-1995b 32.2 32.9 31.2 30.9 31.3 30.3 41.4 46.1 36.3
1996-1998b 31.1 30.5 32.0 30.4 29.9 30.9 35.8 33.3 38.2
1999-2003b 34.1 31.7 37.2 33.4 31.5 35.9 37.8 31.7 45.1
2004-2010b 35.0f 34.4f 35.8f 33.4f 32.9f 33.9f 42.2f 39.2f 45.0
5-Year Period Survival (Percent)cd
Year All Races Whites Blacks
Both Sexes Males Females Both Sexes Males Females Both Sexes Males Females
2010 33.7 32.7 34.9 32.3 31.6 33.3 39.3 35.6 43.1
Stage Distribution (%) 2004-2010ce, Case Counts and Percentages
Stage at
Diagnosis
All Races Whites Blacks
Both Sexes Males Females Both Sexes Males Females Both Sexes Males Females
Number of cases 32,984 18,326 14,658 28,615 16,060 12,555 2,269 1,134 1,135
Percent 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
Localized 76 77 75 77 78 75 77 78 75
Regional 16 16 16 16 16 16 15 14 16
Distant 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3
Unstaged 5 5 6 5 4 6 5 5 6
5-Year Relative Survival (Percent) 2004-2010c by Age at Diagnosis
Age at
Diagnosis
All Races Whites Blacks
Both Sexes Males Females Both Sexes Males Females Both Sexes Males Females
Ages <45 67.1 64.8 70.2 67.5 65.2 70.7 63.8 61.2 66.2
Ages 45-54 31.8 29.2 35.6 30.9 28.6 34.4 32.8 30.1 36.2
Ages 55-64 16.1 14.5 18.3 15.5 13.6 18.3 19.5 19.2 19.2
Ages 65-74 8.9 7.7 10.3 8.6 7.6 9.8 7.7 3.9 11.7
Ages 75+ 4.3 4.5 4.1 3.6 4.1 3.2 12.3 7.8 14.8
Ages <65 45.0 42.2 48.8 43.9 41.2 47.8 48.4 45.4 51.5
Ages 65+ 6.6 6.2 7.0 6.1 6.0 6.2 9.9 5.1 13.2
5-Year Relative Survival (Percent) 2004-2010c by Stage at Diagnosise
Stage at
Diagnosis
All Races Whites Blacks
Both Sexes Males Females Both Sexes Males Females Both Sexes Males Females
All Stages 33.4 32.5 34.5 32.0 31.3 32.8 40.4 37.8 43.0
Localized 36.6 35.1 38.3 35.2 34.0 36.8 43.0 40.1 45.8
Regional 21.4 21.2 21.6 20.0 20.3 19.6 29.3 26.2 31.8
Distant 35.6 36.2 34.8 35.5 36.7 34.1 29.5g 27.4g 31.1g
Unstaged 22.8 24.4 21.2 20.3 21.9 18.8 40.1g 36.6g 42.2g

Footnotes:

a Based on End Results data from a series of hospital registries and one population-based registry.

b SEER 9 areas (San Francisco, Connecticut, Detroit, Hawaii, Iowa, New Mexico, Seattle, Utah, Atlanta). Based on follow-up of patients into 2011.

c SEER 18 areas (San Francisco, Connecticut, Detroit, Hawaii, Iowa, New Mexico, Seattle, Utah, Atlanta, San Jose-Monterey, Los Angeles, Alaska Native Registry, Rural Georgia, California excluding SF/SJM/LA, Kentucky, Louisiana, New Jersey and Georgia excluding ATL/RG). Based on follow-up of patients into 2011.

d Period survival provides a 2010 estimate of survival by piecing together the most recent conditional survival estimates from several cohorts. It is computed here using three year calendar blocks (2007-2009: 0-1 year survival), (2006-2008: 1-2 year survival), (2005-2007: 2-3 year survival), (2004-2006: 3-4 year survival), (2003-2005: 4-5 years survival).

e Stage at diagnosis is classified using SEER Summary Stage 2000. Stage distribution percentages may not sum to 100 due to rounding.

f The difference between 1975-1977 and 2004-2010 is statistically significant (p<.05).

g The standard error is between 5 and 10 percentage points.

h The standard error is greater than 10 percentage points.

- Statistic could not be calculated due to fewer than 25 cases during the time period.

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