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Table 1.4

Summary of Changes in Cancer Mortality, 1950-2014 and
5-Year Relative Survival Rates, 1950-2013
Males and Females, By Primary Cancer Site

Primary Site Whites
U.S. Mortality
Percent Change
1950-2014a
5-Year Relative
Survival Rates
(Percent)b
Total
Percent
Change
APC 1950-1954 2007-2013
Oral cavity and pharynx -50.3 -1.3* 46 69.2
Esophagus 24.7 0.7* 4 22.3
Stomach -88.5 -3.3* 12 29.9
Colon and rectum -57.7 -1.3* 37 67.1
Colon -51.7 -1.1* 41 66.5
Rectum -71.2 -2.2* 40 68.5
Liver and intrahepatic bile duct 61.6 0.9* 1 17.7
Pancreas 27.4 0.1* 1 8.9
Larynx -42.2 -0.8* 52 64.5
Lung and bronchus 183.5 1.1* 6 19.6
Lung and bronchus (Males) 109.0 0.4* 5 16.9
Lung and bronchus (Females) 507.4 2.5* 9 22.6
Melanoma of the skin 163.1 1.2* 49 93.6
Breast(females) -38.5 -0.7* 60 92.2
Cervix uteri -81.9 -3.1* 59 70.8
Corpus and uterus, NOS -64.5 -1.5* 72 85.3
Ovary -17.0 -0.4* 30 46.2
Prostate -38.5 -0.6* 43 99.6
Testis -70.2 -2.7* 57 96.9
Urinary bladder -29.8 -0.6* 53 78.6
Kidney and renal pelvis 27.8 0.4* 34 74.8
Brain and nervous system 55.9 0.4* 21 33.4
Thyroid -41.3 -0.9* 80 98.4
Hodgkin lymphoma -83.6 -3.3* 30 88.9
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma 70.6 0.7* 33 74.2
Myeloma 209.7 1.0* 6 50.6
Leukemia -4.4 -0.3* 10 64.8
Childhood (Ages 0-14) -75.2 -2.6* 20 85.2
All Sites -17.5 -0.2* 35 70.1

Footnotes:

The APC is the Annual Percent Change over the time interval. Rates used in the calculation of the APC are age-adjusted to the 2000 U.S. standard population (18 age groups - Census P25-1130).

a U.S. Mortality Files, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Due to coding changes throughout the years: Colon excludes other digestive tract; Rectum includes anal canal; Liver & intrahepatic bile duct includes gallbladder & biliary tract, NOS; Lung & bronchus includes trachea & pleura; Ovary includes fallopian tube; Urinary bladder includes other urinary organs; Kidney & Renal pelvis includes ureter; NHL and myeloma each include a small number of leukemias; NHL includes a small number of ill-defined sites.

b Survival estimates for 1950-54 are from NCI Survival Report 5 with the exception of All Sites, Oral cavity & pharynx, Colon & rectum, Non-Hodgkin lymphoma and Childhood cancers which come from historical Connecticut data. Survival estimates for 2007-2013 are from the SEER 9 areas (San Francisco, Connecticut, Detroit, Hawaii, Iowa, New Mexico, Seattle, Utah, and Atlanta). Rates are based on follow-up of patients into 2014.

* The APC is significantly different from zero (p<.05).

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