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Table 18.8

Myeloma

5-Year Relative Survival (Percent) by Year of Diagnosis

Year of
Diagnosis
All Races Whites Blacks
Both Sexes Males Females Both Sexes Males Females Both Sexes Males Females
1960-1963a - - - 12 13 10 - - -
1970-1973a - - - 19 20 17 - - -
1975-1977b 24.6 23.9 25.3 24.1 23.6 24.7 29.3 28.9 29.5
1978-1980b 25.9 24.4 27.5 24.8 24.1 25.5 32.5 27.4 37.5
1981-1983b 27.5 25.7 29.4 27.2 25.4 28.9 28.9 29.6 27.9
1984-1986b 27.3 27.7 26.9 26.0 25.8 26.2 31.8 33.3 30.3
1987-1989b 27.2 28.9 25.5 26.9 29.1 24.5 30.0 29.7 30.3
1990-1992b 29.3 30.5 27.9 28.4 29.6 26.9 34.2 38.0 30.6
1993-1995b 31.6 32.2 31.0 30.5 31.3 29.5 35.4 34.9 35.7
1996-1998b 32.5 34.5 30.3 32.2 34.3 29.9 31.4 32.8 30.4
1999-2001b 34.5 36.8 31.9 34.5 36.8 31.5 34.1 36.7 32.0
2002-2006b 44.0 44.9 42.9 44.3 46.2 42.0 44.4 42.2 46.3
2007-2013b 51.0f 50.4f 51.8f 50.6f 50.1f 51.1f 52.3f 50.5f 54.0f

5-Year Period Survival (Percent)cd

Year All Races Whites Blacks
Both Sexes Males Females Both Sexes Males Females Both Sexes Males Females
2013 50.8 50.6 51.0 50.2 50.2 50.2 52.3 52.7 52.0

Stage Distribution (%) 2007-2013ce, Case Counts and Percentages

Stage at
Diagnosis
All Races Whites Blacks
Both Sexes Males Females Both Sexes Males Females Both Sexes Males Females
Number of cases 31,693 17,422 14,271 22,950 13,078 9,872 6,423 3,104 3,319
Percent 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
Localized 5 6 4 5 6 5 4 4 3
Regional 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Distant 95 94 96 95 94 95 96 96 97
Unstaged 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

5-Year Relative Survival (Percent) 2007-2013c by Age at Diagnosis

Age at
Diagnosis
All Races Whites Blacks
Both Sexes Males Females Both Sexes Males Females Both Sexes Males Females
Ages <45 74.5 71.3 79.4 74.6 71.5 79.8 72.3 69.0 76.0
Ages 45-54 65.1 64.0 66.5 66.6 65.3 68.4 60.2 57.4 63.0
Ages 55-64 58.9 58.3 59.6 59.7 60.0 59.2 56.8 53.9 60.0
Ages 65-74 48.7 48.1 49.5 49.0 48.3 49.9 47.0 46.2 47.7
Ages 75+ 30.3 29.7 30.9 30.2 29.5 30.9 29.3 30.8 28.4
Ages <65 62.4 61.4 63.7 63.2 62.7 64.0 59.7 56.8 62.7
Ages 65+ 39.5 39.5 39.6 39.3 39.2 39.5 39.5 40.6 38.6

5-Year Relative Survival (Percent) 2007-2013c by Stage at Diagnosise

Stage at
Diagnosis
All Races Whites Blacks
Both Sexes Males Females Both Sexes Males Females Both Sexes Males Females
All Stages 49.6 49.6 49.5 49.2 49.6 48.7 50.2 49.7 50.7
Localized 71.0 71.9 69.3 71.6 72.8 69.4 64.1 65.2g 62.4g
Regional - - - - - - - - -
Distant 48.4 48.3 48.6 47.9 48.1 47.8 49.7 48.9 50.3
Unstaged - - - - - - - - -

Footnotes:

a Based on End Results data from a series of hospital registries and one population-based registry.

b SEER 9 areas (San Francisco, Connecticut, Detroit, Hawaii, Iowa, New Mexico, Seattle, Utah, Atlanta). Based on follow-up of patients into 2014.

c SEER 18 areas (San Francisco, Connecticut, Detroit, Hawaii, Iowa, New Mexico, Seattle, Utah, Atlanta, San Jose-Monterey, Los Angeles, Alaska Native Registry, Rural Georgia, California excluding SF/SJM/LA, Kentucky, Louisiana, New Jersey and Georgia excluding ATL/RG). Based on follow-up of patients into 2014.

d Period survival provides a 2013 estimate of survival by piecing together the most recent conditional survival estimates from several cohorts. It is computed here using three year calendar blocks (2010-2012: 0-1 year survival), (2009-2011: 1-2 year survival), (2008-2010: 2-3 year survival), (2007-2009: 3-4 year survival), (2006-2008: 4-5 years survival).

e Stage at diagnosis is classified using SEER Summary Stage 2000. Stage distribution percentages may not sum to 100 due to rounding.

f The difference between 1975-1977 and 2007-2013 is statistically significant (p<.05).

g The standard error is between 5 and 10 percentage points.

h The standard error is greater than 10 percentage points.

- Statistic could not be calculated due to fewer than 25 cases during the time period.

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