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Table 23.8

Cancer of the Prostate (Invasive)

5-Year Relative Survival (Percent) by Year of Diagnosis

Year of
Diagnosis
All Races Whites Blacks
All Ages Ages <65 Ages 65+ All Ages Ages <65 Ages 65+ All Ages Ages <65 Ages 65+
1960-1963a - - - 50 - - 35 - -
1970-1973a - - - 63 - - 55 - -
1975-1977b 67.8 73.4 66.1 68.5 75.2 66.6 60.7 62.0 60.1
1978-1980b 70.1 75.2 68.6 71.2 76.7 69.6 62.1 65.0 60.6
1981-1983b 72.0 76.0 70.9 73.1 77.6 71.9 62.8 65.0 61.9
1984-1986b 75.2 77.4 74.6 76.4 79.1 75.7 65.6 67.2 64.9
1987-1989b 82.8 83.2 82.7 84.4 84.7 84.3 71.1 72.8 70.6
1990-1992b 92.9 93.0 92.9 94.1 94.0 94.1 84.5 86.8 83.6
1993-1995b 95.2 95.9 94.9 96.0 96.6 95.7 91.8 93.4 90.9
1996-1998b 97.4 98.5 96.7 97.9 99.0 97.4 95.0 96.7 93.7
1999-2001b 99.3 99.1 99.3 99.7 99.5 99.6 97.4 98.0 96.4
2002-2004b 99.7 99.5 99.7 99.8 99.6 99.7 97.9 99.2 96.3
2005-2008b 99.5 99.5 99.5 99.8 99.9 99.6 98.2 98.4 97.9
2009-2015b 98.6f 99.2f 98.1f 99.0f 99.6f 98.6f 96.5f 97.9f 94.5f

5-Year Period Survival (Percent)cd

Year All Races Whites Blacks
All Ages Ages <65 Ages 65+ All Ages Ages <65 Ages 65+ All Ages Ages <65 Ages 65+
2015 97.5 98.1 97.0 97.5 98.2 96.9 95.1 96.9 92.7

Stage Distribution (%) 2009-2015ce, Case Counts and Percentages

Stage at
Diagnosis
All Races Whites Blacks
All Ages Ages <65 Ages 65+ All Ages Ages <65 Ages 65+ All Ages Ages <65 Ages 65+
Number of cases 337,761 150,486 187,275 254,409 109,319 145,090 53,318 29,733 23,585
Percent 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
Localized 77 78 77 77 78 77 79 79 79
Regional 13 16 10 14 17 11 11 14 7
Distant 6 4 7 6 4 7 7 5 8
Unstaged/Unknown 4 3 6 3 2 5 3 2 5

5-Year Relative Survival (Percent) 2009-2015c by Age at Diagnosis

Age at
Diagnosis
All Races Whites Blacks
All Ages Ages <65 Ages 65+ All Ages Ages <65 Ages 65+ All Ages Ages <65 Ages 65+
Ages <45 95.7 - - 94.4 - - 97.4 - -
Ages 45-54 97.5 - - 97.3 - - 97.8 - -
Ages 55-64 98.7 - - 98.9 - - 97.1 - -
Ages 65-74 100.0 - - 100.0 - - 96.8 - -
Ages 75+ 91.6 - - 91.3 - - 83.6 - -
Ages <65 98.4 - - 98.5 - - 97.3 - -
Ages 65+ 97.7 - - 97.8 - - 93.5 - -

5-Year Relative Survival (Percent) 2009-2015c by Stage at Diagnosise

Stage at
Diagnosis
All Races Whites Blacks
All Ages Ages <65 Ages 65+ All Ages Ages <65 Ages 65+ All Ages Ages <65 Ages 65+
All Stages 98.0 98.4 97.7 98.1 98.5 97.8 95.7 97.3 93.5
Localized 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Regional 100.0 99.6 100.0 100.0 99.5 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.1
Distant 30.5 34.0 29.0 29.9 33.4 28.5 29.5 33.4 26.5
Unstaged/Unknown 81.6 91.1 78.2 74.5 88.0 70.4 70.2 84.8 62.5

Footnotes:

a Based on End Results data from a series of hospital registries and one population-based registry.

b SEER 9 areas (San Francisco, Connecticut, Detroit, Hawaii, Iowa, New Mexico, Seattle, Utah, Atlanta). Based on follow-up of patients into 2016. Expected survival rates are derived from the U.S. Annual Life Tables.

c SEER 18 areas (San Francisco, Connecticut, Detroit, Hawaii, Iowa, New Mexico, Seattle, Utah, Atlanta, San Jose-Monterey, Los Angeles, Alaska Native Registry, Rural Georgia, California excluding SF/SJM/LA, Kentucky, Louisiana, New Jersey and Georgia excluding ATL/RG). Expected survival rates are derived from life tables by socio-economic status, geography and race developed by the SEER program. Based on follow-up of patients into 2016.

d Period survival provides a 2015 estimate of survival by piecing together the most recent conditional survival estimates from several cohorts. It is computed here using three year calendar blocks (2010-2012: 0-1 year survival), (2009-2011: 1-2 year survival), (2008-2010: 2-3 year survival), (2007-2009: 3-4 year survival), (2006-2008: 4-5 years survival).

e Stage at diagnosis is classified using SEER Summary Stage 2000. Stage distribution percentages may not sum to 100 due to rounding.

f The difference between 1975-1977 and 2009-2015 is statistically significant (p<.05).

g The standard error is between 5 and 10 percentage points.

h The standard error is greater than 10 percentage points.

- Statistic could not be calculated due to fewer than 25 cases during the time period.

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