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Table 6.12

Cancer of the Colon and Rectum (Invasive)

5-Year Relative Survival (Percent) by Year of Diagnosis

Year of
Diagnosis
All Races Whites Blacks
Both Sexes Males Females Both Sexes Males Females Both Sexes Males Females
1960-1963a - - - - - - - - -
1970-1973a - - - - - - - - -
1975-1977b 49.8 49.0 50.7 50.1 49.4 50.8 44.7 43.4 45.9
1978-1980b 51.2 50.2 52.2 51.6 50.6 52.5 45.4 43.4 46.9
1981-1983b 54.0 53.8 54.2 54.4 54.4 54.3 46.5 42.9 49.5
1984-1986b 57.7 57.7 57.6 58.4 58.5 58.3 48.4 47.5 49.1
1987-1989b 59.6 59.8 59.3 60.1 60.6 59.5 52.3 49.9 54.5
1990-1992b 61.2 61.0 61.3 61.9 61.7 62.1 52.9 54.4 51.5
1993-1995b 59.9 59.8 60.0 60.5 60.3 60.7 51.7 51.3 52.0
1996-1998b 62.4 62.4 62.5 63.0 62.9 63.2 54.0 55.2 53.0
1999-2001b 65.2 66.1 64.1 66.6 67.4 65.7 54.4 56.0 53.0
2002-2004b 65.8 65.8 65.9 66.8 67.1 66.4 56.6 55.6 57.5
2005-2008b 66.7 66.7 66.6 67.6 68.0 67.2 58.8 56.4 60.9
2009-2015b 66.2f 66.1f 66.2f 66.9f 67.0f 66.8f 59.5f 58.4f 60.6f

5-Year Period Survival (Percent)cd

Year All Races Whites Blacks
Both Sexes Males Females Both Sexes Males Females Both Sexes Males Females
2015 64.4 63.7 65.1 64.9 64.3 65.5 58.1 55.7 60.3

Stage Distribution (%) 2009-2015ce, Case Counts and Percentages

Stage at
Diagnosis
All Races Whites Blacks
Both Sexes Males Females Both Sexes Males Females Both Sexes Males Females
Number of cases 207,609 108,098 99,511 159,611 83,695 75,916 25,894 12,670 13,224
Percent 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
Localized 39 39 39 39 39 39 38 37 39
Regional 35 35 35 36 36 36 32 32 32
Distant 22 22 21 21 22 21 26 26 25
Unstaged/Unknown 4 4 5 4 4 5 5 4 5

5-Year Relative Survival (Percent) 2009-2015c by Age at Diagnosis

Age at
Diagnosis
All Races Whites Blacks
Both Sexes Males Females Both Sexes Males Females Both Sexes Males Females
Ages <45 68.7 66.3 71.2 70.0 67.5 72.8 62.0 57.7 65.7
Ages 45-54 70.8 69.1 72.9 71.3 69.6 73.5 64.2 61.3 67.4
Ages 55-64 66.9 65.8 68.5 67.6 66.6 69.0 60.4 58.3 63.0
Ages 65-74 66.9 65.8 68.2 67.2 66.4 68.3 60.0 55.9 64.0
Ages 75+ 55.2 54.9 55.5 56.5 55.9 56.8 45.5 43.0 46.5
Ages <65 68.6 67.0 70.5 69.2 67.8 71.2 62.0 59.3 65.0
Ages 65+ 60.6 60.7 60.5 61.2 61.3 61.2 53.4 51.3 55.0

5-Year Relative Survival (Percent) 2009-2015c by Stage at Diagnosise

Stage at
Diagnosis
All Races Whites Blacks
Both Sexes Males Females Both Sexes Males Females Both Sexes Males Females
All Stages 64.4 64.0 64.9 64.9 64.5 65.3 58.4 56.2 60.4
Localized 89.9 89.3 90.6 90.1 89.3 91.1 86.9 85.7 87.9
Regional 71.3 71.0 71.6 71.9 71.8 72.0 66.1 64.0 68.2
Distant 14.2 13.1 15.3 14.6 13.7 15.6 11.0 9.5 12.4
Unstaged/Unknown 35.4 38.7 32.4 31.8 35.4 28.5 38.8 39.1 38.5

Footnotes:

a Based on End Results data from a series of hospital registries and one population-based registry.

b SEER 9 areas (San Francisco, Connecticut, Detroit, Hawaii, Iowa, New Mexico, Seattle, Utah, Atlanta). Based on follow-up of patients into 2016. Expected survival rates are derived from the U.S. Annual Life Tables.

c SEER 18 areas (San Francisco, Connecticut, Detroit, Hawaii, Iowa, New Mexico, Seattle, Utah, Atlanta, San Jose-Monterey, Los Angeles, Alaska Native Registry, Rural Georgia, California excluding SF/SJM/LA, Kentucky, Louisiana, New Jersey and Georgia excluding ATL/RG). Expected survival rates are derived from life tables by socio-economic status, geography and race developed by the SEER program. Based on follow-up of patients into 2016.

d Period survival provides a 2015 estimate of survival by piecing together the most recent conditional survival estimates from several cohorts. It is computed here using three year calendar blocks (2010-2012: 0-1 year survival), (2009-2011: 1-2 year survival), (2008-2010: 2-3 year survival), (2007-2009: 3-4 year survival), (2006-2008: 4-5 years survival).

e Stage at diagnosis is classified using SEER Summary Stage 2000. Stage distribution percentages may not sum to 100 due to rounding.

f The difference between 1975-1977 and 2009-2015 is statistically significant (p<.05).

g The standard error is between 5 and 10 percentage points.

h The standard error is greater than 10 percentage points.

- Statistic could not be calculated due to fewer than 25 cases during the time period.

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