SEER Stat Fact Sheets: Prostate Cancer

Mortality and lifetime risk have not been updated to include 2011 data (view details).

Statistics at a GlanceShow More

At a Glance

  • Estimated New Cases in 2014 233,000
  • % of All New Cancer Cases14.0%
  • Estimated Deaths in 2014 29,480
  • % of All
    Cancer Deaths
    5.0%

Percent Surviving
5 Years

98.9% 2004-2010

Number of New Cases and Deaths per 100,000: The number of new cases of prostate cancer was 147.8 per 100,000 men per year. The number of deaths was 23.0 per 100,000 men per year. These rates are age-adjusted and based on 2007-2011 cases and 2006-2010 deaths.

Lifetime Risk of Developing Cancer: Approximately 15.3 percent of men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer at some point during their lifetime, based on 2008-2010 data.

Prevalence of this cancer: In 2011, there were an estimated 2,707,821 men living with prostate cancer in the United States.

Survival StatisticsShow More

How Many People Survive 5 Years Or More after Being Diagnosed with Prostate Cancer?

Relative survivalExternal Web Site Policy statistics compare the survival of patients diagnosed with cancer with the survival of people in the general population who are the same age, race, and sex and who have not been diagnosed with cancer. Because survival statistics are based on large groups of people, they cannot be used to predict exactly what will happen to an individual patient. No two patients are entirely alike, and treatment and responses to treatment can vary greatly.

98.9%

Percent Surviving
5 Years

98.9%

Based on data from SEER 18 2004-2010. Gray figures represent those who have died from prostate cancer. Green figures represent those who have survived 5 years or more.

Additional Information

Cancer stage at diagnosis, which refers to extent of a cancer in the body, determines treatment options and has a strong influence on the length of survival. In general, if the cancer is found only in the part of the body where it started it is localized (sometimes referred to as stage 1). If it has spread to a different part of the body, the stage is regional or distant. The earlier prostate cancer is caught, the better chance a person has of surviving five years after being diagnosed. For prostate cancer, 80.7% are diagnosed at the local stage. The 5-year survival for localized prostate cancer is 100.0%.

Percent of Cases & 5-Year Relative Survival by Stage at Diagnosis: Prostate Cancer
Percent of Cases by Stage
  • Localized (81%)
    Confined to Primary Site
  • Regional (12%)
    Spread to Regional Lymph Nodes
  • Distant (4%)
    Cancer Has Metastasized
  • Unknown (3%)
    Unstaged
81% localized; 12% regional; 4% distant; 3% unknown
5-Year Relative Survival
100.0% localized; 100.0% regional; 28.0% distant; 74.0% unstaged

SEER 18 2004-2010, All Races, Males by SEER Summary Stage 2000

Additional Information

Number of New Cases and DeathsShow More

How Common Is This Cancer?

Compared to other cancers, prostate cancer is fairly common.

Common Types of Cancer Estimated New
Cases 2014
Estimated
Deaths 2014
1. Prostate Cancer 233,000 29,480
2. Breast Cancer (Female) 232,670 40,000
3. Lung and Bronchus Cancer 224,210 159,260
4. Colon and Rectum Cancer 136,830 50,310
5. Melanoma of the Skin 76,100 9,710
6. Bladder Cancer 74,690 15,580
7. Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma 70,800 18,990
8. Kidney and Renal Pelvis Cancer 63,920 13,860
9. Thyroid Cancer 62,980 1,890
10. Endometrial Cancer 52,630 8,590

Prostate cancer represents 14.0% of all new cancer cases in the U.S.

14.0%

In 2014, it is estimated that there will be 233,000 new cases of prostate cancer and an estimated 29,480 people will die of this disease.

Prostate cancer occurs only in men, and it is more common in older men than younger men. It is more likely to occur in men with a family history of prostate cancer and men of African American descent. The number of new cases of prostate cancer was 147.8 per 100,000 men per year based on 2007-2011 cases.

Percent of New Cases by Age Group: Prostate Cancer
0.0% under 20; 0.0% 20-34; 0.6% 35-44; 9.7% 45-54; 32.7% 55-64; 36.3% 65-74; 16.8% 75-84; 3.8% 85 and older

Prostate cancer is most frequently diagnosed among men aged 65-74.

Median Age
At Diagnosis

66

SEER 18 2007-2011, All Races, Males

Number of New Cases per 100,000 Persons by Race/Ethnicity: Prostate Cancer
MalesFemales
  • Male 147.8All RacesSex-Specific Cancer
  • Male 139.9White
  • Male 223.9Black
  • Male 79.3Asian /
    Pacific Islander
  • Male 71.5American Indian /
    Alaska Native
  • Male 122.6Hispanic
  • Male 151.5Non-Hispanic

SEER 18 2007-2011, Age-Adjusted

Because we have screening for prostate cancer, most of the time it is caught before it spreads to other parts of the body. Men who have prostate cancer that is characterized as localized or regional are not as likely to die as men whose cancer is distant. In general prostate cancer has excellent survival rates, but death rates are higher in African American men, men who have advanced stage cancer, and men who are between the ages of 75 and 84. Prostate cancer is the fifth leading cause of cancer death in the United States. The number of deaths was 23.0 per 100,000 men per year based on 2006-2010.

Percent of Deaths by Age Group: Prostate Cancer
0.0% under 20; 0.0% 20-34; 0.1% 35-44; 1.6% 45-54; 8.3% 55-64; 20.0% 65-74; 37.6% 75-84; 32.5% 85 and older

The percent of prostate cancer deaths is highest among men aged 75-84.

Median Age
At Death

80

U.S. 2006-2010, All Races, Males

Number of Deaths per 100,000 Persons by Race/Ethnicity: Prostate Cancer
MalesFemales
  • Male 23.0All RacesSex-Specific Cancer
  • Male 21.2White
  • Male 50.9Black
  • Male 10.1Asian /
    Pacific Islander
  • Male 20.7American Indian /
    Alaska Native
  • Male 19.2Hispanic
  • Male 23.2Non-Hispanic

U.S. 2006-2010, Age-Adjusted

Trends in RatesShow More

Changes Over Time

Keeping track of the number of new cases, deaths, and survival over time (trends) can help scientists understand whether progress is being made and where additional research is needed to address challenges, such as improving screening or finding better treatments.

Using statistical models for analysis, rates for new prostate cancer cases have been falling on average 2.4% each year over 2002-2011. Death rates have been falling on average 3.3% each year over 2001-2010. 5-year survival trends are shown below the figure.

More About This CancerShow More

Cancer and the Prostate

Anatomy diagram shows the prostate, urethra, penis, testicle, bladder, lymph nodes, seminal vesicle, and rectum are labeled. An inset provides a close-up view of the prostate, urethra, bladder, seminal vesicles, and rectum.
Figure: Prostate and Nearby Organs
Click to enlarge.

This cancer forms in tissues of the prostate (a gland in the male reproductive system found below the bladder and in front of the rectum). The prostate surrounds the urethra, the tube through which urine flows. A healthy prostate is about the size of a walnut. If the prostate grows too large, it squeezes the urethra. This may slow or stop the normal flow of urine. Prostate cancer usually occurs in older men.

Additional Information

More Information

Here are some resources for learning more about prostate cancer.

References

All statistics in this report are based on statistics from SEER and the Centers for Disease Control's National Center for Health Statistics. Most can be found within:

Howlader N, Noone AM, Krapcho M, Garshell J, Neyman N, Altekruse SF, Kosary CL, Yu M, Ruhl J, Tatalovich Z, Cho H, Mariotto A, Lewis DR, Chen HS, Feuer EJ, Cronin KA (eds). SEER Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2011, National Cancer Institute. Bethesda, MD, http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2011/, based on November 2013 SEER data submission, posted to the SEER web site, April 2014.

Suggested Citation

All material in this report is in the public domain and may be reproduced or copied without permission; citation as to source, however, is appreciated.

SEER Cancer Statistics Factsheets: Prostate Cancer. National Cancer Institute. Bethesda, MD, http://seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/prost.html

This factsheet focuses on population statistics that are based on the US population. Because these statistics are based on large groups of people, they cannot be used to predict exactly what will happen to an individual patient. To see tailored statistics, browse the SEER Cancer Statistics Review. To see statistics for a specific state, go to the State Cancer ProfilesExternal Web Site Policy.

The statistics presented in this factsheet are based on the most recent data available, most of which can be found in the SEER Cancer Statistics Review. In some cases, different year spans may be used. Estimates for the current year are based on past data.

Cancer is a complex topic. There is a wide range of information available. This factsheet does not address causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, follow-up care, or decision making, although it provides links to information in many of these areas.