SEER Stat Fact Sheets: Bone and Joint Cancer

Statistics at a GlanceShow More

At a Glance

  • Estimated New Cases in 2016 3,300
  • % of All New Cancer Cases0.2%
  • Estimated Deaths in 2016 1,490
  • % of All
    Cancer Deaths
    0.3%

Percent Surviving
5 Years

67.4% 2006-2012

Number of New Cases and Deaths per 100,000: The number of new cases of bone and joint cancer was 0.9 per 100,000 men and women per year. The number of deaths was 0.4 per 100,000 men and women per year. These rates are age-adjusted and based on 2009-2013 cases and deaths.

Lifetime Risk of Developing Cancer: Approximately 0.1 percent of men and women will be diagnosed with bone and joint cancer at some point during their lifetime, based on 2011-2013 data.

Survival StatisticsShow More

How Many People Survive 5 Years Or More after Being Diagnosed with Bone and Joint Cancer?

Relative survival statistics compare the survival of patients diagnosed with cancer with the survival of people in the general population who are the same age, race, and sex and who have not been diagnosed with cancer. Because survival statistics are based on large groups of people, they cannot be used to predict exactly what will happen to an individual patient. No two patients are entirely alike, and treatment and responses to treatment can vary greatly.

67.4%

Percent Surviving
5 Years

67.4%

Based on data from SEER 18 2006-2012. Gray figures represent those who have died from bone and joint cancer. Green figures represent those who have survived 5 years or more.

Additional Information

Number of New Cases and DeathsShow More

How Common Is This Cancer?

Compared to other cancers, bone and joint cancer is rare.

Common Types of Cancer Estimated New
Cases 2016
Estimated
Deaths 2016
1. Breast Cancer (Female) 246,660 40,450
2. Lung and Bronchus Cancer 224,390 158,080
3. Prostate Cancer 180,890 26,120
4. Colon and Rectum Cancer 134,490 49,190
5. Bladder Cancer 76,960 16,390
6. Melanoma of the Skin 76,380 10,130
7. Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma 72,580 20,150
8. Thyroid Cancer 64,300 1,980
9. Kidney and Renal Pelvis Cancer 62,700 14,240
10. Leukemia 60,140 24,400
- - -
29. Bone and Joint Cancer 3,300 1,490

Bone and joint cancer represents 0.2% of all new cancer cases in the U.S.

0.2%

In 2016, it is estimated that there will be 3,300 new cases of bone and joint cancer and an estimated 1,490 people will die of this disease.

Osteosarcoma is most common in teenagers. Ewing Sarcoma is most common in teenagers and young adults. The number of new cases of bone and joint cancer was 0.9 per 100,000 men and women per year based on 2009-2013 cases.

Percent of New Cases by Age Group: Bone and Joint Cancer
27.0% under 20; 15.4% 20-34; 9.2% 35-44; 12.2% 45-54; 13.1% 55-64; 11.8% 65-74; 7.8% 75-84; 3.7% 85 and older

Bone and joint cancer is most frequently diagnosed among people aged <20.

Median Age
At Diagnosis

43

SEER 18 2009-2013, All Races, Both Sexes

Number of New Cases per 100,000 Persons by Race/Ethnicity & Sex: Bone and Joint Cancer
MalesFemales
  • Male 1.1All RacesFemale 0.8
  • Male 1.1WhiteFemale 0.8
  • Male 0.9BlackFemale 0.7
  • Male 0.7Asian /
    Pacific Islander
    Female 0.5
  • Not Shown, <16 casesAmerican Indian /
    Alaska Native
    Not Shown, <16 cases
  • Male 1.0HispanicFemale 0.7
  • Male 1.1Non-HispanicFemale 0.8

SEER 18 2009-2013, Age-Adjusted

The number of deaths was 0.4 per 100,000 men and women per year based on 2009-2013 deaths.

Percent of Deaths by Age Group: Bone and Joint Cancer
12.5% under 20; 14.9% 20-34; 5.7% 35-44; 10.0% 45-54; 12.8% 55-64; 15.0% 65-74; 16.4% 75-84; 12.7% 85 and older

The percent of bone and joint cancer deaths is highest among people aged 75-84.

Median Age
At Death

60

U.S. 2009-2013, All Races, Both Sexes

Number of Deaths per 100,000 Persons by Race/Ethnicity & Sex: Bone and Joint Cancer
MalesFemales
  • Male 0.5All RacesFemale 0.3
  • Male 0.6WhiteFemale 0.3
  • Male 0.5BlackFemale 0.3
  • Male 0.3Asian /
    Pacific Islander
    Female 0.2
  • Male 0.6American Indian /
    Alaska Native
    Not Shown, <16 cases
  • Male 0.4HispanicFemale 0.3
  • Male 0.5Non-HispanicFemale 0.3

U.S. 2009-2013, Age-Adjusted

Trends in RatesShow More

Changes Over Time

Keeping track of the number of new cases, deaths, and survival over time (trends) can help scientists understand whether progress is being made and where additional research is needed to address challenges, such as improving screening or finding better treatments.

Using statistical models for analysis, rates for new bone and joint cancer cases have been rising on average 0.3% each year over the last 10 years. Death rates have been falling on average 0.3% each year over 2004-2013. 5-year survival trends are shown below the figure.

More About This CancerShow More

Cancer and the Bone and Joint

Primary bone cancer is cancer that forms in cells of the bone. Some types of primary bone cancer are osteosarcoma, Ewing sarcoma, malignant fibrous histiocytoma, and chondrosarcoma. Secondary bone cancer is cancer that spreads to the bone from another part of the body (such as the prostate, breast, or lung). Primary bone cancer is far less common than cancer that spreads to the bones.

Bone cancer is a malignant tumor of the bone that destroys normal bone tissue. Not all bone tumors are malignant. In fact, benign (noncancerous) bone tumors are more common than malignant ones.

Common types of primary bone and joint cancer include the following:

Additional Information

More Information

Here are some resources for learning more about bone and joint cancer.

References

All statistics in this report are based on statistics from SEER and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics. Most can be found within:

Howlader N, Noone AM, Krapcho M, Miller D, Bishop K, Altekruse SF, Kosary CL, Yu M, Ruhl J, Tatalovich Z, Mariotto A, Lewis DR, Chen HS, Feuer EJ, Cronin KA (eds). SEER Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2013, National Cancer Institute. Bethesda, MD, http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2013/, based on November 2015 SEER data submission, posted to the SEER web site, April 2016.

Suggested Citation

All material in this report is in the public domain and may be reproduced or copied without permission; citation as to source, however, is appreciated.

SEER Cancer Statistics Factsheets: Bone and Joint Cancer. National Cancer Institute. Bethesda, MD, http://seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/bones.html

This factsheet focuses on population statistics that are based on the US population. Because these statistics are based on large groups of people, they cannot be used to predict exactly what will happen to an individual patient. To see tailored statistics, browse the SEER Cancer Statistics Review. To see statistics for a specific state, go to the State Cancer Profiles.

The statistics presented in this factsheet are based on the most recent data available, most of which can be found in the SEER Cancer Statistics Review. In some cases, different year spans may be used. Estimates for the current year are based on past data.

Cancer is a complex topic. There is a wide range of information available. This factsheet does not address causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, follow-up care, or decision making, although it provides links to information in many of these areas.