Statistics at a Glance
At a Glance
Estimated New Cases in 2020 3,600
% of All New Cancer Cases 0.2%
Estimated Deaths in 2020 1,720
% of All Cancer Deaths 0.3%
|Year||Rate of New Cases — SEER 9||Rate of New Cases — SEER 13||Death Rate — U.S.||5-Year Relative Survival — SEER 9|
|Observed||Modeled Trend||Observed||Modeled Trend||Observed||Modeled Trend||Observed||Modeled Trend|
New cases come from SEER 13. Deaths come from U.S. Mortality.
All Races, Both Sexes. Rates are Age-Adjusted.
Modeled trend lines were calculated from the underlying rates using the Joinpoint Trend Analysis Software.
New cases are also referred to as incident cases in other publications. Rates of new cases are also referred to as incidence rates.
Rate of New Cases and Deaths per 100,000: The rate of new cases of bone and joint cancer was 1.0 per 100,000 men and women per year. The death rate was 0.5 per 100,000 men and women per year. These rates are age-adjusted and based on 2013–2017 cases and deaths.
Lifetime Risk of Developing Cancer: Approximately 0.1 percent of men and women will be diagnosed with bone and joint cancer at some point during their lifetime, based on 2015–2017 data.
Prevalence of This Cancer: In 2017, there were an estimated 56,675 people living with bone and joint cancer in the United States.
How Many People Survive 5 Years Or More after Being Diagnosed with Bone and Joint Cancer?
Relative survival statistics compare the survival of patients diagnosed with cancer with the survival of people in the general population who are the same age, race, and sex and who have not been diagnosed with cancer. Because survival statistics are based on large groups of people, they cannot be used to predict exactly what will happen to an individual patient. No two patients are entirely alike, and treatment and responses to treatment can vary greatly.
Based on data from SEER 18 2010–2016. Gray figures represent those who have died from bone and joint cancer. Green figures represent those who have survived 5 years or more.
New Cases and Deaths
How Common Is This Cancer?
Compared to other cancers, bone and joint cancer is rare.
|Rank||Common Types of Cancer||Estimated New
|1.||Breast Cancer (Female)||276,480||42,170|
|2.||Lung and Bronchus Cancer||228,820||135,720|
|5.||Melanoma of the Skin||100,350||6,850|
|8.||Kidney and Renal Pelvis Cancer||73,750||14,830|
|29.||Bone and Joint Cancer||3,600||1,720|
Bone and joint cancer represents 0.2% of all new cancer cases in the U.S.
In 2020, it is estimated that there will be 3,600 new cases of bone and joint cancer and an estimated 1,720 people will die of this disease.
Who Gets This Cancer?
Osteosarcoma is most common in teenagers. Ewing Sarcoma is most common in teenagers and young adults. The rate of new cases of bone and joint cancer was 1.0 per 100,000 men and women per year based on 2013–2017 cases, age-adjusted.
|American Indian/Alaska Native||0.8|
|American Indian/Alaska Native||0.9|
SEER 21 2013–2017, Age-Adjusted
|Age Range||Percent of New Cases|
Bone and joint cancer is most frequently diagnosed among people aged <20.
SEER 21 2013–2017, All Races, Both Sexes
Who Dies From This Cancer?
The death rate was 0.5 per 100,000 men and women per year based on 2013–2017 deaths, age-adjusted.
|American Indian/Alaska Native||0.5|
|American Indian/Alaska Native||0.4|
U.S. 2013–2017, Age-Adjusted
|Age Range||Percent of Deaths|
The percent of bone and joint cancer deaths is highest among people aged 65–74.
U.S. 2013–2017, All Races, Both Sexes
Trends in Rates
Changes Over Time
Keeping track of new cases, deaths, and survival over time (trends) can help scientists understand whether progress is being made and where additional research is needed to address challenges, such as improving screening or finding better treatments.
Using statistical models for analysis, age-adjusted rates for new bone and joint cancer cases have been rising on average 0.4% each year over the last 10 years. Age-adjusted death rates have been falling on average 0.2% each year over 2008–2017. 5-year relative survival trends are shown below.
More About This Cancer
Cancer and the Bone and Joint
Primary bone cancer is cancer that forms in cells of the bone. Some types of primary bone cancer are osteosarcoma, Ewing sarcoma, malignant fibrous histiocytoma, and chondrosarcoma. Secondary bone cancer is cancer that spreads to the bone from another part of the body (such as the prostate, breast, or lung). Primary bone cancer is far less common than cancer that spreads to the bones.
Bone cancer is a malignant tumor of the bone that destroys normal bone tissue. Not all bone tumors are malignant. In fact, benign (noncancerous) bone tumors are more common than malignant ones.
Common types of primary bone and joint cancer include the following:
Here are some resources for learning more about bone and joint cancer.
- About risk factors for osteosarcoma
- About symptoms and diagnosis of osteosarcoma
- About symptoms and diagnosis of Ewing Sarcoma
- About treatment options for osteosarcoma
- About treatment options for Ewing Sarcoma
- About clinical trials
All statistics in this report are based on statistics from SEER and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics. Most can be found within:
Howlader N, Noone AM, Krapcho M, Miller D, Brest A, Yu M, Ruhl J, Tatalovich Z, Mariotto A, Lewis DR, Chen HS, Feuer EJ, Cronin KA (eds). SEER Cancer Statistics Review, 1975–2017, National Cancer Institute. Bethesda, MD, https://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2017/, based on November 2019 SEER data submission, posted to the SEER web site, April 2020.
All material in this report is in the public domain and may be reproduced or copied without permission; citation as to source, however, is appreciated.
SEER Cancer Stat Facts: Bone and Joint Cancer. National Cancer Institute. Bethesda, MD, https://seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/bones.html
These stat facts focus on population statistics that are based on the U.S. population. Because these statistics are based on large groups of people, they cannot be used to predict exactly what will happen to an individual patient. To see tailored statistics, browse the SEER Cancer Statistics Review. To see statistics for a specific state, go to the State Cancer Profiles.
The statistics presented in these stat facts are based on the most recent data available, most of which can be found in the SEER Cancer Statistics Review. In some cases, different year spans may be used. Estimates for the current year are based on past data.
Cancer is a complex topic. There is a wide range of information available. These stat facts do not address causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, follow-up care, or decision making, although links are provided to information in many of these areas.