Key Points

  • The Annual Report to the Nation provides recent trends in rates of new cancer cases (incidence) and death rates (mortality) in the United States.
  • Overall, cancer death rates decreased 2.2% per year (on average) among males and 1.7% per year (on average) among females.
  • Cancer death rates decreased an average of 0.9% per year among AYAs, and an average of 1.4% per year among children between 2014 and 2018.
  • Overall cancer incidence rates are leveling off among males after earlier declines and increasing slightly among females and AYAs.
    • These trends reflect population changes in cancer risk factors (such as excess body weight), screening test use and diagnostic practices.
  • The most common cancer types among children included leukemia, brain and other nervous system, and lymphoma, with increasing incidence trends for all three from 2001-2017.

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