Cancer Stat Facts: Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia (ALL)

Statistics at a GlanceShow More

At a Glance

  • Estimated New Cases in 2017 5,970
  • % of All New Cancer Cases0.4%
  • Estimated Deaths in 2017 1,440
  • % of All
    Cancer Deaths
    0.2%

Percent Surviving
5 Years

68.2% 2007-2013

Number of New Cases and Deaths per 100,000: The number of new cases of acute lymphocytic leukemia was 1.7 per 100,000 men and women per year. The number of deaths was 0.4 per 100,000 men and women per year. These rates are age-adjusted and based on 2010-2014 cases and deaths.

Lifetime Risk of Developing Cancer: Approximately 0.1 percent of men and women will be diagnosed with acute lymphocytic leukemia at some point during their lifetime, based on 2012-2014 data.

Prevalence of This Cancer: In 2014, there were an estimated 81,837 people living with acute lymphocytic leukemia in the United States.

Survival StatisticsShow More

How Many People Survive 5 Years Or More after Being Diagnosed with Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia?

Relative survival statistics compare the survival of patients diagnosed with cancer with the survival of people in the general population who are the same age, race, and sex and who have not been diagnosed with cancer. Because survival statistics are based on large groups of people, they cannot be used to predict exactly what will happen to an individual patient. No two patients are entirely alike, and treatment and responses to treatment can vary greatly.

68.2%

Percent Surviving
5 Years

68.2%

Based on data from SEER 18 2007-2013. Gray figures represent those who have died from acute lymphocytic leukemia. Green figures represent those who have survived 5 years or more.

Additional Information

Number of New Cases and DeathsShow More

How Common Is This Cancer?

Common Types of Cancer Estimated New
Cases 2017
Estimated
Deaths 2017
1. Breast Cancer (Female) 252,710 40,610
2. Lung and Bronchus Cancer 222,500 155,870
3. Prostate Cancer 161,360 26,730
4. Colon and Rectum Cancer 135,430 50,260
5. Melanoma of the Skin 87,110 9,730
6. Bladder Cancer 79,030 16,870
7. Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma 72,240 20,140
8. Kidney and Renal Pelvis Cancer 63,990 14,400
9. Leukemia 62,130 24,500
10. Endometrial Cancer 61,380 10,920
- - -
Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia 5,970 1,440

Acute lymphocytic leukemia represents 0.4% of all new cancer cases in the U.S.

0.4%

In 2017, it is estimated that there will be 5,970 new cases of acute lymphocytic leukemia and an estimated 1,440 people will die of this disease.

Acute lymphocytic leukemia is most common in children, adolescents, and young adults, or those 15 to 39 years of age. ALL is most common in Hispanics and Whites. The number of new cases of acute lymphocytic leukemia was 1.7 per 100,000 men and women per year based on 2010-2014 cases.

Percent of New Cases by Age Group: Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia
56.1% under 20; 10.1% 20-34; 5.8% 35-44; 7.4% 45-54; 8.9% 55-64; 5.9% 65-74; 4.3% 75-84; 1.5% 85 and older

Acute lymphocytic leukemia is most frequently diagnosed among people aged <20.

Median Age
At Diagnosis

15

SEER 18 2010-2014, All Races, Both Sexes

Number of New Cases per 100,000 Persons by Race/Ethnicity & Sex: Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia
MalesFemales
  • Male 1.9All RacesFemale 1.5
  • Male 2.1WhiteFemale 1.7
  • Male 1.1BlackFemale 0.9
  • Male 1.5Asian /
    Pacific Islander
    Female 1.2
  • Male 1.4American Indian /
    Alaska Native
    Female 1.4
  • Male 2.7HispanicFemale 2.2
  • Male 1.7Non-HispanicFemale 1.3

SEER 18 2010-2014, Age-Adjusted

The number of deaths was 0.4 per 100,000 men and women per year based on 2010-2014 deaths.

Percent of Deaths by Age Group: Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia
15.0% under 20; 14.3% 20-34; 8.6% 35-44; 11.0% 45-54; 14.8% 55-64; 15.8% 65-74; 13.0% 75-84; 7.4% 85 and older

The percent of acute lymphocytic leukemia deaths is highest among people aged 65-74.

Median Age
At Death

55

U.S. 2010-2014, All Races, Both Sexes

Number of Deaths per 100,000 Persons by Race/Ethnicity & Sex: Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia
MalesFemales
  • Male 0.5All RacesFemale 0.4
  • Male 0.5WhiteFemale 0.4
  • Male 0.4BlackFemale 0.3
  • Male 0.4Asian /
    Pacific Islander
    Female 0.3
  • Male 0.5American Indian /
    Alaska Native
    Female 0.4
  • Male 0.8HispanicFemale 0.6
  • Male 0.5Non-HispanicFemale 0.3

U.S. 2010-2014, Age-Adjusted

Trends in RatesShow More

Changes Over Time

Keeping track of the number of new cases, deaths, and survival over time (trends) can help scientists understand whether progress is being made and where additional research is needed to address challenges, such as improving screening or finding better treatments.

Using statistical models for analysis, rates for new acute lymphocytic leukemia cases have been rising on average 0.6% each year over the last 10 years. Death rates have been falling on average 1.1% each year over 2005-2014. 5-year survival trends are shown below the figure.

More About This CancerShow More

Cancer and the Blood

Stem cells maturing into one of three types of mature blood cells: red blood cells, platelets, and white blood cells. Precursor cells are also shown: stem cells, myeloid blasts, lymphoid stem cells, and lymphoid blasts.
Figure: Blood Cells Maturing from Stem Cells
Click to enlarge.

Leukemia is cancer that starts in the tissue that forms blood. Most blood cells develop from cells in the bone marrow called stem cells. In a person with leukemia, the bone marrow makes abnormal white blood cells. The abnormal cells are leukemia cells. Unlike normal blood cells, leukemia cells don't die when they should. They may crowd out normal white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets. This makes it hard for normal blood cells to do their work. The four main types of leukemia are:

There is no standard staging system for leukemia. The disease is described as untreated, in remission, or recurrent.

Additional Information

More Information

Here are some resources for learning more about leukemia.

References

All statistics in this report are based on statistics from SEER and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics. Most can be found within:

Howlader N, Noone AM, Krapcho M, Miller D, Bishop K, Kosary CL, Yu M, Ruhl J, Tatalovich Z, Mariotto A, Lewis DR, Chen HS, Feuer EJ, Cronin KA (eds). SEER Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2014, National Cancer Institute. Bethesda, MD, http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2014/, based on November 2016 SEER data submission, posted to the SEER web site, April 2017.

Suggested Citation

All material in this report is in the public domain and may be reproduced or copied without permission; citation as to source, however, is appreciated.

SEER Cancer Stat Facts: Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia. National Cancer Institute. Bethesda, MD, http://seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/alyl.html

These stat facts focus on population statistics that are based on the US population. Because these statistics are based on large groups of people, they cannot be used to predict exactly what will happen to an individual patient. To see tailored statistics, browse the SEER Cancer Statistics Review. To see statistics for a specific state, go to the State Cancer Profiles.

The statistics presented in these stat facts are based on the most recent data available, most of which can be found in the SEER Cancer Statistics Review. In some cases, different year spans may be used. Estimates for the current year are based on past data.

Cancer is a complex topic. There is a wide range of information available. These stat facts do not address causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, follow-up care, or decision making, although links are provided to information in many of these areas.