Statistics at a Glance

At a Glance

Estimated New Cases in 2018 19,520

% of All New Cancer Cases 1.1%

Estimated Deaths in 2018 10,670

% of All Cancer Deaths 1.8%

Percent Surviving
5 Years

27.4% 2008-2014
Year New Cases - SEER 9 New Cases - SEER 13 Deaths - U.S. Percent Surviving 5 Years - SEER 9
Observed Modeled Trend Observed Modeled Trend Observed Modeled Trend Observed Modeled Trend
1975 3.43 3.50 - - 2.54 2.57 6.40% 7.41%
1976 3.50 3.46 - - 2.59 2.56 4.90% 7.78%
1977 3.51 3.43 - - 2.57 2.55 7.53% 8.17%
1978 3.42 3.39 - - 2.54 2.55 7.90% 8.57%
1979 3.32 3.36 - - 2.54 2.54 8.23% 8.98%
1980 3.14 3.32 - - 2.55 2.53 6.97% 9.40%
1981 3.17 3.29 - - 2.47 2.48 8.34% 9.83%
1982 3.42 3.25 - - 2.41 2.43 8.61% 10.28%
1983 3.21 3.22 - - 2.35 2.38 8.83% 10.73%
1984 3.30 3.18 - - 2.36 2.33 8.69% 11.20%
1985 3.33 3.15 - - 2.33 2.28 13.38% 11.67%
1986 3.00 3.12 - - 2.25 2.24 10.19% 12.16%
1987 3.02 3.09 - - 2.16 2.19 9.67% 12.66%
1988 3.03 3.05 - - 2.13 2.15 11.71% 13.16%
1989 3.20 3.12 - - 2.19 2.18 13.45% 13.68%
1990 3.04 3.18 - - 2.21 2.21 11.59% 14.21%
1991 3.33 3.25 - - 2.24 2.24 13.04% 14.75%
1992 3.22 3.32 3.32 3.36 2.29 2.27 17.16% 15.29%
1993 3.45 3.39 3.45 3.42 2.26 2.30 16.75% 15.85%
1994 3.46 3.46 3.49 3.48 2.29 2.33 14.86% 16.41%
1995 3.66 3.54 3.64 3.55 2.40 2.36 17.58% 16.99%
1996 3.47 3.61 3.47 3.62 2.44 2.39 17.38% 17.57%
1997 3.53 3.69 3.66 3.69 2.43 2.42 17.80% 18.16%
1998 3.93 3.76 3.89 3.75 2.43 2.46 16.84% 18.76%
1999 3.73 3.84 3.76 3.83 2.52 2.55 18.80% 19.37%
2000 4.05 3.93 3.97 3.90 2.66 2.65 17.21% 19.98%
2001 4.06 4.01 3.97 3.97 2.75 2.75 22.61% 20.60%
2002 3.63 3.77 3.63 3.75 2.76 2.76 22.93% 21.23%
2003 3.60 3.55 3.58 3.54 2.80 2.77 23.44% 21.86%
2004 3.42 3.34 3.40 3.34 2.78 2.78 25.09% 22.51%
2005 3.59 3.45 3.49 3.45 2.76 2.79 26.13% 23.15%
2006 3.54 3.57 3.52 3.56 2.80 2.80 25.81% 23.81%
2007 3.55 3.70 3.58 3.67 2.77 2.80 24.80% 24.47%
2008 3.82 3.82 3.82 3.79 2.83 2.81 24.70% 25.13%
2009 3.63 3.96 3.75 3.91 2.87 2.82 28.60% 25.80%
2010 4.23 4.09 4.15 4.04 2.79 2.83 29.77% 26.47%
2011 4.21 4.23 4.14 4.17 2.85 2.84 - 27.15%
2012 4.58 4.38 4.42 4.30 2.78 2.81 - 27.83%
2013 4.49 4.53 4.34 4.44 2.79 2.79 - 28.52%
2014 4.38 4.39 4.35 4.29 2.81 2.77 - 29.21%
2015 4.26 4.25 4.11 4.14 2.72 2.74 - 29.90%

Modeled trend lines were calculated from the underlying rates using the Joinpoint Trend Analysis Software.


Number of New Cases and Deaths per 100,000: The number of new cases of acute myeloid leukemia was 4.3 per 100,000 men and women per year. The number of deaths was 2.8 per 100,000 men and women per year. These rates are age-adjusted and based on 2011-2015 cases and deaths.

Lifetime Risk of Developing Cancer: Approximately 0.5 percent of men and women will be diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia at some point during their lifetime, based on 2013-2015 data.

Did You Know? Video Series

Survival Statistics

How Many People Survive 5 Years Or More after Being Diagnosed with Acute Myeloid Leukemia?

Relative survival statistics compare the survival of patients diagnosed with cancer with the survival of people in the general population who are the same age, race, and sex and who have not been diagnosed with cancer. Because survival statistics are based on large groups of people, they cannot be used to predict exactly what will happen to an individual patient. No two patients are entirely alike, and treatment and responses to treatment can vary greatly.

27.4%

Percent Surviving
5 Years

27.4%

Based on data from SEER 18 2008-2014. Gray figures represent those who have died from acute myeloid leukemia. Green figures represent those who have survived 5 years or more.

Additional Information

Number of New Cases and Deaths

How Common Is This Cancer?

Rank Common Types of Cancer Estimated New
Cases 2018
Estimated
Deaths 2018
1. Breast Cancer (Female) 266,120 40,920
2. Lung and Bronchus Cancer 234,030 154,050
3. Prostate Cancer 164,690 29,430
4. Colorectal Cancer 140,250 50,630
5. Melanoma of the Skin 91,270 9,320
6. Bladder Cancer 81,190 17,240
7. Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma 74,680 19,910
8. Kidney and Renal Pelvis Cancer 65,340 14,970
9. Uterine Cancer 63,230 11,350
10. Leukemia 60,300 24,370
- - -
Acute Myeloid Leukemia 19,520 10,670

Acute myeloid leukemia represents 1.1% of all new cancer cases in the U.S.

1.1%

In 2018, it is estimated that there will be 19,520 new cases of acute myeloid leukemia and an estimated 10,670 people will die of this disease.

Who Gets This Cancer?

Acute myeloid leukemia is more common in older adults and among men compared to women. AML is a relatively rare disease. The number of new cases of acute myeloid leukemia was 4.3 per 100,000 men and women per year based on 2011-2015 cases.

Number of New Cases per 100,000 Persons by Race/Ethnicity & Sex: Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)
Males
All Races 5.2
White 5.4
Black 4.5
Asian/Pacific Islander 4.0
American Indian/Alaska Native 3.1
Hispanic 4.1
Non-Hispanic 5.3
Females
All Races 3.6
White 3.7
Black 3.3
Asian/Pacific Islander 3.0
American Indian/Alaska Native 1.8
Hispanic 3.1
Non-Hispanic 3.7

SEER 18 2011-2015, Age-Adjusted

Percent of New Cases by Age Group: Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Age Range Percent of New Cases
<20 4.9%
20-34 6.0%
35-44 5.3%
45-54 9.5%
55-64 16.9%
65-74 24.3%
75-84 22.6%
>84 10.5%

Acute myeloid leukemia is most frequently diagnosed among people aged 65-74.

Median Age
At Diagnosis

68

SEER 18 2011-2015, All Races, Both Sexes

Who Dies From This Cancer?

Death rates from acute myeloid leukemia are higher among older adults, or those 65 and older. People with leukemia have many treatment options, and treatment for leukemia can often control the disease and its symptoms. The number of deaths was 2.8 per 100,000 men and women per year based on 2011-2015 deaths.

Number of Deaths per 100,000 Persons by Race/Ethnicity & Sex: Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)
Males
All Races 3.6
White 3.8
Black 2.7
Asian/Pacific Islander 2.6
American Indian/Alaska Native 2.3
Hispanic 2.3
Non-Hispanic 3.7
Females
All Races 2.2
White 2.2
Black 1.8
Asian/Pacific Islander 1.6
American Indian/Alaska Native 1.6
Hispanic 1.6
Non-Hispanic 2.2

U.S. 2011-2015, Age-Adjusted

Percent of Deaths by Age Group: Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Age Range Percent of Deaths
<20 1.8%
20-34 2.6%
35-44 2.8%
45-54 6.7%
55-64 15.2%
65-74 27.1%
75-84 29.5%
>84 14.2%

The percent of acute myeloid leukemia deaths is highest among people aged 75-84.

Median Age
At Death

72

U.S. 2011-2015, All Races, Both Sexes

Trends in Rates

Changes Over Time

Keeping track of the number of new cases, deaths, and survival over time (trends) can help scientists understand whether progress is being made and where additional research is needed to address challenges, such as improving screening or finding better treatments.

Using statistical models for analysis, rates for new acute myeloid leukemia cases have not changed significantly over the last 10 years. Death rates have been stable over 2006-2015. 5-year survival trends are shown below.

More About This Cancer

Cancer and the Blood

Figure: Blood Cells Maturing from Stem Cells

Figure: Stem cells maturing into one of three types of mature blood cells: red blood cells, platelets, and white blood cells. Precursor cells are also shown: stem cells, myeloid blasts, lymphoid stem cells, and lymphoid blasts.

Leukemia is cancer that starts in the tissue that forms blood. Most blood cells develop from cells in the bone marrow called stem cells. In a person with leukemia, the bone marrow makes abnormal white blood cells. The abnormal cells are leukemia cells. Unlike normal blood cells, leukemia cells don't die when they should. They may crowd out normal white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets. This makes it hard for normal blood cells to do their work. The four main types of leukemia are:

There is no standard staging system for leukemia. The disease is described as untreated, in remission, or recurrent.

Additional Information

More Information

Here are some resources for learning more about leukemia.

References

All statistics in this report are based on statistics from SEER and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics. Most can be found within:

Noone AM, Howlader N, Krapcho M, Miller D, Brest A, Yu M, Ruhl J, Tatalovich Z, Mariotto A, Lewis DR, Chen HS, Feuer EJ, Cronin KA (eds). SEER Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2015, National Cancer Institute. Bethesda, MD, https://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2015/, based on November 2017 SEER data submission, posted to the SEER web site, April 2018.

Suggested Citation

All material in this report is in the public domain and may be reproduced or copied without permission; citation as to source, however, is appreciated.

SEER Cancer Stat Facts: Acute Myeloid Leukemia. National Cancer Institute. Bethesda, MD, https://seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/amyl.html

These stat facts focus on population statistics that are based on the U.S. population. Because these statistics are based on large groups of people, they cannot be used to predict exactly what will happen to an individual patient. To see tailored statistics, browse the SEER Cancer Statistics Review. To see statistics for a specific state, go to the State Cancer Profiles.

The statistics presented in these stat facts are based on the most recent data available, most of which can be found in the SEER Cancer Statistics Review. In some cases, different year spans may be used. Estimates for the current year are based on past data.

Cancer is a complex topic. There is a wide range of information available. These stat facts do not address causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, follow-up care, or decision making, although links are provided to information in many of these areas.