Statistics at a Glance

At a Glance

Breast, lung and bronchus, prostate, and colorectal cancers account for almost 50% of all new cancer cases in the United States. Lung and bronchus, colorectal, pancreatic, and breast cancers are responsible for nearly 50% of all deaths.

New Cancer Cases, 2018
Breast 268,670 (15%)
Lung & Bronchus 234,030 (13%)
Prostate 164,690 (9%)
Colon and rectum 140,250 (8%)
Other 927,710 (53%)
Cancer Deaths, 2018
Lung & Bronchus 154,050 (25%)
Colon and rectum 50,630 (8%)
Pancreas 44,330 (7%)
Breast 41,400 (7%)
Other 319,230 (52%)

How Many People Are Diagnosed with Cancer Each Year?

In 2018, roughly 1.7 million people will be diagnosed with cancer in the United States. An estimated 266,120 women and 2,550 men will be diagnosed with breast cancer, which makes it the most common cancer diagnosis. Lung and bronchus cancer is the second most common cancer diagnosis with an estimated 234,030 new cases. Prostate cancer is the leading cancer diagnosis among men and the third most common diagnosis overall with 164,690 expected cases.

The top 12 most common cancer sites, shown below, will account for more than three quarters of all new cancer cases.

Male
Breast 2,550
Lung & Bronchus 121,680
Prostate 164,690
Colorectal 75,610
Melanoma of the Skin 55,150
Urinary Bladder 62,380
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma 41,730
Kidney and Renal Pelvis 42,680
Uterus 0
Leukemia 35,030
Pancreas 29,200
Thyroid 13,090
Female
Breast 266,120
Lung & Bronchus 112,350
Prostate 0
Colorectal 64,640
Melanoma of the Skin 36,120
Urinary Bladder 18,810
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma 32,950
Kidney and Renal Pelvis 22,660
Corpus & Uterus, NOS 63,230
Leukemia 25,270
Pancreas 26,240
Thyroid 40,900

How Many People Die of Cancer Each Year?

In 2018, an estimated 609,640 people will die of cancer in the United States. Lung and bronchus cancer is responsible for the most deaths with 154,050 people expected to die from this disease. That is more than three times the 50,630 deaths due to colorectal cancer, which is the second most common cause of cancer death. Pancreatic cancer is the third deadliest cancer, causing 44,330 deaths.

The eight deadliest cancer sites, shown below, will account for almost two-thirds of all expected cancer deaths.

Male
Lung and bronchus 83,550
Colon and rectum 27,390
Pancreas 23,020
Breast 480
Liver & Intrahepatic Bile Duct 20,540
Prostate 29,430
Leukemia 14,270
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma 11,510
Female
Lung and bronchus 70,500
Colon and rectum 23,240
Pancreas 21,310
Breast 40,920
Liver & Intrahepatic Bile Duct 9,660
Prostate 0
Leukemia 10,100
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma 8,400

New Cases, Deaths, and Survival

How Do Cancer Rates Compare?

For comparison purposes, new cases and deaths are generally expressed as a rate - the number per 100,000 in the total population. The rate of new cases is known as cancer incidence, and the death rate as mortality. Note that total population changes depending on what group you are looking at, so, for instance, incidence for females is the rate per 100,000 females in the U.S.

The table below gives the predicted number of new cases and deaths in 2018, the incidence and mortality rates over the most recent five years of data, and the five-year relative survival rate, representing the percent surviving cancer 5-years after diagnosis.

You can sort on any column by clicking the header.

Site Estimated New Cases (2018) Incidence Rates (2011-2015) Estimated Deaths (2018) Mortality Rates (2011-2015) Survival (%) (2008-2014)
Anus 8,580 1.8 1,160 0.3 67.4
Bone and Joint 3,450 0.9 1,590 0.4 66.9
Bladder 81,190 19.5 17,240 4.4 76.8
Brain and Other Nervous System 23,880 6.4 16,830 4.4 33.2
Breast 268,670 67.5 41,400 11.6 89.6
Cervix Uteri 13,240 7.4 4,170 2.3 66.2
Colon and Rectum 140,250 39.4 50,630 14.5 64.5
Esophagus 17,290 4.2 15,850 4.0 19.2
Hodgkin Lymphoma 8,500 2.5 1,050 0.3 86.6
Kidney and Renal Pelvis 65,340 15.9 14,970 3.8 74.5
Larynx 13,150 3.0 3,710 1.0 60.9
Leukemia 60,300 13.8 24,370 6.7 61.4
Liver and Intrahepatic Bile Duct 42,220 8.8 30,200 6.4 17.7
Lung and Bronchus 234,030 54.6 154,050 43.4 18.6
Melanoma of the Skin 91,270 22.8 9,320 2.6 91.8
Myeloma 30,770 6.7 12,770 3.3 50.7
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma 74,680 19.4 19,910 5.7 71.4
Oral Cavity and Pharynx 51,540 11.3 10,030 2.5 64.8
Ovary 22,240 11.6 14,070 7.2 47.4
Pancreas 55,440 12.6 44,330 10.9 8.5
Prostate 164,690 112.6 29,430 19.5 98.2
Small Intestine 10,470 2.3 1,450 0.4 67.6
Stomach 26,240 7.2 10,800 3.2 31.0
Testis 9,310 5.7 400 0.2 95.3
Thyroid 53,990 14.5 2,060 0.5 98.1
Uterus 63,230 26.0 11,350 4.6 81.1
Vulva 6,190 2.5 1,200 0.5 71.0
Site Estimated New Cases (2018) Incidence Rates (2011-2015) Estimated Deaths (2018) Mortality Rates (2011-2015) Survival (%) (2008-2014)
Anus 5,620 2.1 680 0.3 71.4
Bone and Joint 1,510 0.8 660 0.3 69.2
Bladder 18,810 8.3 4,720 2.2 72.9
Brain and Other Nervous System 10,160 5.4 7,340 3.6 34.7
Breast 266,120 126.0 40,920 20.9 89.7
Cervix Uteri 13,240 7.4 4,170 2.3 66.2
Colon and Rectum 64,640 34.5 23,240 12.2 64.9
Esophagus 3,810 1.7 3,000 1.5 20.0
Hodgkin Lymphoma 3,660 2.2 430 0.3 87.7
Kidney and Renal Pelvis 22,660 10.9 4,960 2.4 75.8
Larynx 2,660 1.1 740 0.4 58.4
Leukemia 25,270 10.8 10,100 5.0 60.0
Liver and Intrahepatic Bile Duct 11,610 4.7 9,660 3.8 18.4
Lung and Bronchus 112,350 47.8 70,500 35.4 22.0
Melanoma of the Skin 36,120 17.7 3,330 1.6 94.2
Myeloma 14,370 5.3 5,940 2.7 50.9
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma 32,950 15.9 8,400 4.5 73.3
Oral Cavity and Pharynx 14,380 6.3 2,750 1.3 66.9
Ovary 22,240 11.6 14,070 7.2 47.4
Pancreas 26,240 11.2 21,310 9.5 8.3
Prostate - - - - -
Small Intestine 5,040 2.0 640 0.3 68.4
Stomach 9,720 5.2 4,290 2.3 35.1
Testis - - - - -
Thyroid 40,900 21.4 1,100 0.5 98.8
Uterus 63,230 26.0 11,350 4.6 81.1
Vulva 6,190 2.5 1,200 0.5 71.0
Site Estimated New Cases (2018) Incidence Rates (2011-2015) Estimated Deaths (2018) Mortality Rates (2011-2015) Survival (%) (2008-2014)
Anus 2,960 1.5 480 0.2 60.8
Bone and Joint 1,940 1.1 930 0.5 65.1
Bladder 62,380 34.3 12,520 7.6 78.1
Brain and Other Nervous System 13,720 7.5 9,490 5.3 32.0
Breast 2,550 1.2 480 0.3 83.0
Cervix Uteri - - - - -
Colon and Rectum 75,610 45.2 27,390 17.3 64.1
Esophagus 13,480 7.2 12,850 7.2 18.9
Hodgkin Lymphoma 4,840 2.9 620 0.4 85.7
Kidney and Renal Pelvis 42,680 21.7 10,010 5.6 73.7
Larynx 10,490 5.2 2,970 1.8 61.4
Leukemia 35,030 17.6 14,270 9.0 62.5
Liver and Intrahepatic Bile Duct 30,610 13.6 20,540 9.4 17.5
Lung and Bronchus 121,680 63.8 83,550 53.8 15.5
Melanoma of the Skin 55,150 29.8 5,990 3.9 89.9
Myeloma 16,400 8.4 6,830 4.2 50.6
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma 41,730 23.6 11,510 7.4 69.9
Oral Cavity and Pharynx 37,160 17.1 7,280 3.9 64.0
Ovary - - - - -
Pancreas 29,200 14.4 23,020 12.6 8.8
Prostate 164,690 112.6 29,430 19.5 98.2
Small Intestine 5,430 2.6 810 0.5 66.8
Stomach 16,520 9.8 6,510 4.3 28.4
Testis 9,310 5.7 400 0.2 95.3
Thyroid 13,090 7.3 960 0.5 95.6
Uterus - - - - -
Vulva - - - - -

How Do the Most Common Cancers Compare by Race/Ethnicity?

The rate and type of cancer diagnosis varies significantly by race and ethnicity. The graph below shows the incidence (new cases) rate and rank, by race and ethnicity, for the four most commonly diagnosed cancers.

Site All Races White Black API AI/AN Hispanic
Female Breast 126.0 128.6 126.9 100.6 82.6 93.7
Colon and rectum 39.4 38.8 47.6 33.0 41.8 33.5
Lung & Bronchus 54.6 56.1 61.4 35.6 37.3 27.8
Prostate 112.6 105.7 178.3 59.1 54.8 91.8

Cancer death rates, or mortality rates, also vary significantly by race and ethnicity. The graph below shows the mortality rate, by race and ethnicity, for the five most commonly diagnosed cancers.

Site All Races White Black API AI/AN Hispanic
Female Breast 20.9 20.3 28.7 11.4 14.3 14.3
Colon and rectum 14.5 14.1 19.4 10.1 16.5 11.5
Lung & Bronchus 43.4 44.1 46.2 23.4 36.7 18.9
Pancreas 10.9 10.8 13.3 7.7 8.8 8.6
Prostate 19.5 18.2 39.9 8.8 19.8 16.2

Trends in Rates

What Are the Recent Trends in Rates of New Cancer Cases?

Between 2011 and 2015, overall cancer incidence rates decreased among men and remained stable among women. During this period, eight of the 19 most common cancers in men and nine of the 21 most common cancers in women showed statistically significant decreases in incidence. For men, prostate cancer showed the greatest decrease. For women, Hodgkin lymphoma showed the greatest decrease.

National Incidence Trends
Male
Thyroid 2.7*
Liver and Intrahepatic Bile Duct 2.1*
Melanoma of the Skin 2.0*
Myeloma 1.7*
Leukemia 1.5*
Kidney and Renal Pelvis 1.4*
Oral Cavity and Pharynx 1.1*
Pancreas 0.9*
Testis 0.8*
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma -0.1
Brain and Other Nervous System -0.2
Esophagus -0.9*
Stomach -1.3*
Bladder -1.3*
Colon and Rectum -1.4*
Hodgkin Lymphoma -1.6*
All Sites -2.1*
Lung and Bronchus -3.0*
Larynx -4.0*
Prostate -6.8*
Female
Liver and Intrahepatic Bile Duct 3.1*
Thyroid 2.1*
Uterus 1.5*
Melanoma of the Skin 1.5*
Myeloma 1.4*
Leukemia 1.4*
Pancreas 0.9*
Kidney and Renal Pelvis 0.5
Breast 0.3*
Cervix Uteri 0.2
Oral Cavity and Pharynx 0.1
All Sites 0.0
Brain and Other Nervous System -0.1
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma -0.3*
Stomach -0.6*
Bladder -1.0*
Colon and Rectum -1.3*
Ovary -1.4*
Esophagus -1.6*
Lung and Bronchus -1.7*
Larynx -2.1*
Hodgkin Lymphoma -2.6*

What Are the Recent Trends in Cancer Death Rates?

Between 2011 and 2015, overall age-adjusted mortality decreased on average 1.8 percent per year for men and 1.4 percent for women. During this period, twelve of the 19 most common cancers in men and fifteen of the 21 most common cancers in women showed statistically significant decreases in mortality. Liver and intrahepatic bile duct cancer showed the greatest increase in mortality among both men and women.

National Mortality Trends
Male
Liver and Intrahepatic Bile Duct 1.6*
Thyroid 1.0*
Oral Cavity and Pharynx 1.0*
Brain and Other Nervous System 0.5*
Pancreas 0.3*
Bladder -0.1
Testis -0.2
Kidney and Renal Pelvis -0.5*
Myeloma -0.9*
Esophagus -1.1*
Stomach -1.6*
All Sites -1.8*
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma -2.0*
Prostate -2.2*
Leukemia -2.2*
Larynx -2.5*
Hodgkin Lymphoma -2.5*
Colon and Rectum -2.5*
Melanoma of the Skin -3.0*
Lung and Bronchus -3.8*
Female
Liver and Intrahepatic Bile Duct 2.7*
Uterus 2.0*
Brain and Other Nervous System 0.5*
Thyroid 0.2
Pancreas -0.1
Bladder -0.5*
Cervix Uteri -0.7*
Melanoma of the Skin -0.8*
Myeloma -0.9
Oral Cavity and Pharynx -1.3*
Kidney and Renal Pelvis -1.3*
All Sites -1.4*
Breast -1.6*
Esophagus -1.7*
Stomach -1.8*
Colon and Rectum -1.8*
Lung and Bronchus -2.1*
Leukemia -2.3*
Ovary -2.3*
Larynx -2.5*
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma -2.7*
Hodgkin Lymphoma -3.5*

Additional Information

Average annual percent change (AAPC) is the year-to-year change averaged over a period of time, in this case, 5 years. Positive AAPC describes an increasing trend and a negative AAPC a decreasing one.

Cancer in Context

How Does Cancer Compare to Other Causes of Death?

Cancer caused 22.0% of all deaths in the United States in 2015. Deaths due to heart disease and cancer caused nearly half of all deaths in the United States. Cancer is the leading cause of death for those under 65 years of age.

Leading Causes of Death in the U.S., 2015
Heart Disease 633,813
Cancer 595,919
Chronic Lower Respiratory 155,037
Accidents (Unintentional Injury) 146,553
Stroke (Cerebrovascular) 140,315
Alzheimer's 110,561
Diabetes 79,531
Pneumonia & Influenze 57,059
Nephritis & Nephrosis 49,957
Intentional Self-Harm (Suicide) 44,189

What Are the U.S. Death Rates?

In the United States, heart disease death rates have decreased for people of all ages. In 1975, heart disease among those less than 65 caused 26% of deaths, compared to 18% in 2015. In those over 65, heart disease caused 44% of deaths in 1975, compared to 25% in 2015.

Neoplasms have slightly increased for people of all ages. In 1975, neoplasms for those less than 65 accounted for 22% of deaths in the United States, compared to 25% in 2015. In those over 65, neoplasms caused 18% of deaths in 1975, compared to 21% in 2015.

Ages <65
Year Heart Disease Cancer
Rate Per 100,000 % of Total Deaths Rate Per 100,000 % of Total Deaths
1975 98.6 26 84.0 22
1976 95.9 26 84.3 23
1977 92.6 26 84.3 23
1978 90.4 26 84.2 24
1979 88.3 26 83.3 24
1980 86.9 26 83.7 24
1981 84.9 26 82.8 25
1982 82.0 26 83.0 26
1983 80.7 26 82.7 26
1984 78.3 25 83.3 26
1985 76.6 25 83.2 26
1986 74.0 24 82.2 26
1987 71.5 23 81.7 26
1988 69.1 22 81.3 26
1989 65.1 21 80.5 26
1990 62.4 21 80.1 26
1991 61.0 20 79.2 26
1992 59.7 20 77.4 26
1993 59.5 20 76.2 26
1994 57.8 20 75.0 26
1995 56.9 20 73.4 25
1996 55.5 20 71.7 26
1997 53.4 21 69.7 27
1998 51.4 20 67.9 27
1999 49.4 20 66.9 27
2000 47.7 19 65.5 27
2001 46.6 19 64.9 26
2002 46.3 19 63.7 26
2003 45.3 19 62.3 26
2004 43.1 19 60.4 26
2005 42.6 18 59.7 26
2006 41.5 18 58.5 26
2007 40.0 18 56.9 26
2008 39.5 18 55.8 26
2009 38.3 18 55.3 26
2010 37.4 18 54.2 27
2011 37.1 18 53.4 26
2012 36.9 18 53.0 26
2013 36.9 18 51.9 26
2014 37.0 18 51.5 25
2015 37.2 18 50.5 25
Ages 65+
Year Heart Disease Cancer
Rate Per 100,000 % of Total Deaths Rate Per 100,000 % of Total Deaths
1975 2734.9 44 995.2 18
1976 2747.4 44 1018.3 18
1977 2656.3 44 1023.3 19
1978 2643.2 44 1035.4 19
1979 2595.8 45 1042.7 19
1980 2652.4 44 1059.1 19
1981 2568.9 44 1060.7 20
1982 2524.7 44 1074.6 20
1983 2532.4 44 1083.5 20
1984 2468.6 43 1093.0 20
1985 2449.2 42 1097.2 20
1986 2389.6 42 1107.5 21
1987 2333.4 41 1111.8 21
1988 2321.1 40 1120.3 21
1989 2184.9 39 1139.1 22
1990 2102.7 39 1147.4 22
1991 2054.6 38 1154.0 23
1992 1995.9 38 1153.7 23
1993 2027.9 37 1161.8 22
1994 1954.3 37 1157.0 23
1995 1927.5 36 1153.6 22
1996 1878.5 36 1142.2 22
1997 1828.4 35 1128.5 22
1998 1791.7 35 1119.6 22
1999 1766.3 34 1125.9 22
2000 1698.3 33 1119.8 22
2001 1648.2 32 1104.4 22
2002 1611.1 32 1097.2 22
2003 1551.7 31 1079.7 22
2004 1449.7 30 1060.8 22
2005 1415.4 30 1053.2 22
2006 1333.7 29 1036.1 22
2007 1268.7 28 1025.1 22
2008 1240.5 28 1009.5 22
2009 1174.6 27 989.8 22
2010 1143.5 27 984.0 22
2011 1113.8 26 965.9 22
2012 1088.5 26 950.0 22
2013 1085.4 26 932.2 21
2014 1063.1 25 920.4 22
2015 1074.5 25 906.7 21

More About Cancer Surveillance

More Information

Here are some resources for learning more about cancer surveillance:

References

All statistics in this report are based on statistics from SEER and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics. Most can be found within:

Noone AM, Howlader N, Krapcho M, Miller D, Brest A, Yu M, Ruhl J, Tatalovich Z, Mariotto A, Lewis DR, Chen HS, Feuer EJ, Cronin KA (eds). SEER Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2015, National Cancer Institute. Bethesda, MD, https://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2015/, based on November 2017 SEER data submission, posted to the SEER web site, April 2018.

Suggested Citation

All material in this report is in the public domain and may be reproduced or copied without permission; citation as to source, however, is appreciated.

SEER Cancer Statistics Factsheets: Common Cancer Sites. National Cancer Institute. Bethesda, MD, https://seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/common.html