Statistics at a Glance

At a Glance

Estimated New Cases in 2018 13,240

% of All New Cancer Cases 0.8%

Estimated Deaths in 2018 4,170

% of All Cancer Deaths 0.7%

Percent Surviving
5 Years

66.2% 2008-2014
Year New Cases - SEER 9 New Cases - SEER 13 Deaths - U.S. Percent Surviving 5 Years - SEER 9
1975 14.8 - 5.6 68.1%
1976 14.3 - 5.4 69.8%
1977 13.0 - 5.0 69.5%
1978 12.5 - 4.8 67.7%
1979 12.8 - 4.6 66.5%
1980 12.2 - 4.5 68.0%
1981 10.8 - 4.3 66.9%
1982 10.6 - 4.1 65.1%
1983 10.5 - 4.0 68.7%
1984 11.0 - 3.9 69.1%
1985 10.2 - 3.8 66.5%
1986 10.8 - 3.8 66.0%
1987 10.0 - 3.6 66.8%
1988 10.6 - 3.6 72.1%
1989 10.7 - 3.6 71.1%
1990 10.7 - 3.7 72.1%
1991 10.1 - 3.5 68.8%
1992 9.9 11.0 3.5 67.9%
1993 9.6 10.7 3.4 71.0%
1994 9.4 10.5 3.4 72.0%
1995 8.9 9.9 3.2 74.9%
1996 9.6 10.7 3.2 73.5%
1997 9.2 9.8 3.1 71.8%
1998 9.1 9.8 3.0 72.5%
1999 8.3 9.4 2.8 74.5%
2000 7.7 8.9 2.8 72.2%
2001 8.0 8.8 2.7 70.5%
2002 7.5 8.4 2.6 69.8%
2003 7.3 8.2 2.5 70.3%
2004 7.2 7.9 2.4 67.5%
2005 6.9 7.9 2.4 68.2%
2006 7.0 7.6 2.4 71.9%
2007 6.7 7.5 2.4 71.1%
2008 6.7 7.6 2.4 69.8%
2009 6.9 7.4 2.3 68.4%
2010 6.8 7.2 2.3 69.1%
2011 6.7 7.0 2.3 -
2012 6.6 7.0 2.3 -
2013 6.4 6.6 2.3 -
2014 6.9 6.8 2.3 -
2015 6.7 6.8 2.3 -

Number of New Cases and Deaths per 100,000: The number of new cases of cervical cancer was 7.4 per 100,000 women per year. The number of deaths was 2.3 per 100,000 women per year. These rates are age-adjusted and based on 2011-2015 cases and deaths.

Lifetime Risk of Developing Cancer: Approximately 0.6 percent of women will be diagnosed with cervical cancer at some point during their lifetime, based on 2013-2015 data.

Prevalence of This Cancer: In 2015, there were an estimated 257,524 women living with cervical cancer in the United States.

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Did You Know? Video Series

Survival Statistics

How Many People Survive 5 Years Or More after Being Diagnosed with Cervical Cancer?

Relative survival statistics compare the survival of patients diagnosed with cancer with the survival of people in the general population who are the same age, race, and sex and who have not been diagnosed with cancer. Because survival statistics are based on large groups of people, they cannot be used to predict exactly what will happen to an individual patient. No two patients are entirely alike, and treatment and responses to treatment can vary greatly.

66.2%

Percent Surviving
5 Years

66.2%

Based on data from SEER 18 2008-2014. Gray figures represent those who have died from cervical cancer. Green figures represent those who have survived 5 years or more.

Additional Information

Survival by Stage

Cancer stage at diagnosis, which refers to extent of a cancer in the body, determines treatment options and has a strong influence on the length of survival. In general, if the cancer is found only in the part of the body where it started it is localized (sometimes referred to as stage 1). If it has spread to a different part of the body, the stage is regional or distant. The earlier cervical cancer is caught, the better chance a person has of surviving five years after being diagnosed. For cervical cancer, 45.0% are diagnosed at the local stage. The 5-year survival for localized cervical cancer is 91.7%.

Percent of Cases & 5-Year Relative Survival by Stage at Diagnosis: Cervical Cancer
Stage Percent of Cases 5-Year Relative Survival
Localized
Confined to Primary Site
45% 91.7%
Regional
Spread to Regional Lymph Nodes
36% 56.0%
Distant
Cancer has Metastasized
15% 17.2%
Unknown
Unstaged
4% 50.0%

SEER 18 2008-2014, All Races, Females by SEER Summary Stage 2000

Additional Information

Number of New Cases and Deaths

How Common Is This Cancer?

Compared to other cancers, cervical cancer is relatively rare.

Rank Common Types of Cancer Estimated New
Cases 2018
Estimated
Deaths 2018
1. Breast Cancer (Female) 266,120 40,920
2. Lung and Bronchus Cancer 234,030 154,050
3. Prostate Cancer 164,690 29,430
4. Colorectal Cancer 140,250 50,630
5. Melanoma of the Skin 91,270 9,320
6. Bladder Cancer 81,190 17,240
7. Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma 74,680 19,910
8. Kidney and Renal Pelvis Cancer 65,340 14,970
9. Uterine Cancer 63,230 11,350
10. Leukemia 60,300 24,370
- - -
20. Cervical Cancer 13,240 4,170

Cervical cancer represents 0.8% of all new cancer cases in the U.S.

0.8%

In 2018, it is estimated that there will be 13,240 new cases of cervical cancer and an estimated 4,170 people will die of this disease.

Who Gets This Cancer?

Infection of the cervix with human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common cause of cervical cancer, although not all women with HPV infection will develop cervical cancer. The number of new cases of cervical cancer was 7.4 per 100,000 women per year based on 2011-2015 cases.

Number of New Cases per 100,000 Persons by Race/Ethnicity: Cervical Cancer
Males
All Races Sex-specific cancer type
White
Black
Asian/Pacific Islander
American Indian/Alaska Native
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic
Females
All Races 7.4
White 7.4
Black 8.4
Asian/Pacific Islander 6.1
American Indian/Alaska Native 8.1
Hispanic 8.9
Non-Hispanic 7.1

SEER 18 2011-2015, Age-Adjusted

Percent of New Cases by Age Group: Cervical Cancer
Age Range Percent of New Cases
<20 0.1%
20-34 14.0%
35-44 23.6%
45-54 23.4%
55-64 19.1%
65-74 11.4%
75-84 5.9%
>84 2.5%

Cervical cancer is most frequently diagnosed among women aged 35-44.

Median Age
At Diagnosis

50

SEER 18 2011-2015, All Races, Females

Who Dies From This Cancer?

The number of deaths was 2.3 per 100,000 women per year based on 2011-2015.

Number of Deaths per 100,000 Persons by Race/Ethnicity: Cervical Cancer
Males
All Races Sex-specific cancer type
White
Black
Asian/Pacific Islander
American Indian/Alaska Native
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic
Females
All Races 2.3
White 2.2
Black 3.7
Asian/Pacific Islander 1.8
American Indian/Alaska Native 2.6
Hispanic 2.6
Non-Hispanic 2.3

U.S. 2011-2015, Age-Adjusted

Percent of Deaths by Age Group: Cervical Cancer
Age Range Percent of Deaths
<20 0.0%
20-34 5.2%
35-44 13.4%
45-54 22.7%
55-64 24.1%
65-74 17.2%
75-84 11.2%
>84 6.3%

The percent of cervical cancer deaths is highest among women aged 55-64.

Median Age
At Death

58

U.S. 2011-2015, All Races, Females

Trends in Rates

Changes Over Time

Keeping track of the number of new cases, deaths, and survival over time (trends) can help scientists understand whether progress is being made and where additional research is needed to address challenges, such as improving screening or finding better treatments.

Using statistical models for analysis, rates for new cervical cancer cases have been stable over the last 10 years. Death rates have been falling on average 0.7% each year over 2006-2015. 5-year survival trends are shown below.

More About This Cancer

Cancer and the Cervix

Figure: Female Reproductive Anatomy

Figure: Anatomy of the female reproductive system; drawing shows the uterus, myometrium (muscular outer layer of the uterus), endometrium (inner lining of the uterus), ovaries, fallopian tubes, cervix, and vagina.

This cancer forms in tissues of the cervix (the organ connecting the uterus and vagina). It is usually a slow-growing cancer that may not have symptoms but can be found with regular Pap tests (a procedure in which cells are scraped from the cervix and looked at under a microscope). Cervical cancer is almost always caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) infection.

Additional Information

More Information

Here are some resources for learning more about cervical cancer.

References

All statistics in this report are based on statistics from SEER and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics. Most can be found within:

Noone AM, Howlader N, Krapcho M, Miller D, Brest A, Yu M, Ruhl J, Tatalovich Z, Mariotto A, Lewis DR, Chen HS, Feuer EJ, Cronin KA (eds). SEER Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2015, National Cancer Institute. Bethesda, MD, https://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2015/, based on November 2017 SEER data submission, posted to the SEER web site, April 2018.

Suggested Citation

All material in this report is in the public domain and may be reproduced or copied without permission; citation as to source, however, is appreciated.

SEER Cancer Stat Facts: Cervical Cancer. National Cancer Institute. Bethesda, MD, https://seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/cervix.html

These stat facts focus on population statistics that are based on the U.S. population. Because these statistics are based on large groups of people, they cannot be used to predict exactly what will happen to an individual patient. To see tailored statistics, browse the SEER Cancer Statistics Review. To see statistics for a specific state, go to the State Cancer Profiles.

The statistics presented in these stat facts are based on the most recent data available, most of which can be found in the SEER Cancer Statistics Review. In some cases, different year spans may be used. Estimates for the current year are based on past data.

Cancer is a complex topic. There is a wide range of information available. These stat facts do not address causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, follow-up care, or decision making, although links are provided to information in many of these areas.