Cancer Stat Facts: Cervix Uteri Cancer

Statistics at a GlanceShow More

At a Glance

  • Estimated New Cases in 2017 12,820
  • % of All New Cancer Cases0.8%
  • Estimated Deaths in 2017 4,210
  • % of All
    Cancer Deaths
    0.7%

Percent Surviving
5 Years

67.1% 2007-2013

Number of New Cases and Deaths per 100,000: The number of new cases of cervix uteri cancer was 7.4 per 100,000 women per year. The number of deaths was 2.3 per 100,000 women per year. These rates are age-adjusted and based on 2010-2014 cases and deaths.

Lifetime Risk of Developing Cancer: Approximately 0.6 percent of women will be diagnosed with cervix uteri cancer at some point during their lifetime, based on 2012-2014 data.

Prevalence of This Cancer: In 2014, there were an estimated 256,078 women living with cervix uteri cancer in the United States.

Survival StatisticsShow More

How Many People Survive 5 Years Or More after Being Diagnosed with Cervix Uteri Cancer?

Relative survival statistics compare the survival of patients diagnosed with cancer with the survival of people in the general population who are the same age, race, and sex and who have not been diagnosed with cancer. Because survival statistics are based on large groups of people, they cannot be used to predict exactly what will happen to an individual patient. No two patients are entirely alike, and treatment and responses to treatment can vary greatly.

67.1%

Percent Surviving
5 Years

67.1%

Based on data from SEER 18 2007-2013. Gray figures represent those who have died from cervix uteri cancer. Green figures represent those who have survived 5 years or more.

Additional Information

Cancer stage at diagnosis, which refers to extent of a cancer in the body, determines treatment options and has a strong influence on the length of survival. In general, if the cancer is found only in the part of the body where it started it is localized (sometimes referred to as stage 1). If it has spread to a different part of the body, the stage is regional or distant. The earlier cervix uteri cancer is caught, the better chance a person has of surviving five years after being diagnosed. For cervix uteri cancer, 45.7% are diagnosed at the local stage. The 5-year survival for localized cervix uteri cancer is 91.5%.

Percent of Cases & 5-Year Relative Survival by Stage at Diagnosis: Cervix Uteri Cancer
Percent of Cases by Stage
  • Localized (46%)
    Confined to Primary Site
  • Regional (36%)
    Spread to Regional Lymph Nodes
  • Distant (14%)
    Cancer Has Metastasized
  • Unknown (4%)
    Unstaged
46% localized; 36% regional; 14% distant; 4% unknown
5-Year Relative Survival
91.5% localized; 57.1% regional; 17.3% distant; 52.2% unstaged

SEER 18 2007-2013, All Races, Females by SEER Summary Stage 2000

Additional Information

Number of New Cases and DeathsShow More

How Common Is This Cancer?

Compared to other cancers, cervix uteri cancer is rare.

Common Types of Cancer Estimated New
Cases 2017
Estimated
Deaths 2017
1. Breast Cancer (Female) 252,710 40,610
2. Lung and Bronchus Cancer 222,500 155,870
3. Prostate Cancer 161,360 26,730
4. Colon and Rectum Cancer 135,430 50,260
5. Melanoma of the Skin 87,110 9,730
6. Bladder Cancer 79,030 16,870
7. Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma 72,240 20,140
8. Kidney and Renal Pelvis Cancer 63,990 14,400
9. Leukemia 62,130 24,500
10. Endometrial Cancer 61,380 10,920
- - -
21. Cervix Uteri Cancer 12,820 4,210

Cervix uteri cancer represents 0.8% of all new cancer cases in the U.S.

0.8%

In 2017, it is estimated that there will be 12,820 new cases of cervix uteri cancer and an estimated 4,210 people will die of this disease.

Infection of the cervix with human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common cause of cervical cancer, although not all women with HPV infection will develop cervical cancer. The number of new cases of cervix uteri cancer was 7.4 per 100,000 women per year based on 2010-2014 cases.

Percent of New Cases by Age Group: Cervix Uteri Cancer
0.1% under 20; 13.9% 20-34; 23.8% 35-44; 23.8% 45-54; 18.7% 55-64; 11.2% 65-74; 5.8% 75-84; 2.7% 85 and older

Cervix uteri cancer is most frequently diagnosed among women aged 35-44.

Median Age
At Diagnosis

49

SEER 18 2010-2014, All Races, Females

Number of New Cases per 100,000 Persons by Race/Ethnicity: Cervix Uteri Cancer
MalesFemales
  • Sex-Specific CancerAll RacesFemale 7.4
  • WhiteFemale 7.4
  • BlackFemale 8.7
  • Asian /
    Pacific Islander
    Female 6.1
  • American Indian /
    Alaska Native
    Female 7.7
  • HispanicFemale 9.1
  • Non-HispanicFemale 7.1

SEER 18 2010-2014, Age-Adjusted

The number of deaths was 2.3 per 100,000 women per year based on 2010-2014.

Percent of Deaths by Age Group: Cervix Uteri Cancer
0.0% under 20; 5.2% 20-34; 13.4% 35-44; 23.3% 45-54; 23.9% 55-64; 16.5% 65-74; 11.2% 75-84; 6.4% 85 and older

The percent of cervix uteri cancer deaths is highest among women aged 55-64.

Median Age
At Death

58

U.S. 2010-2014, All Races, Females

Number of Deaths per 100,000 Persons by Race/Ethnicity: Cervix Uteri Cancer
MalesFemales
  • Sex-Specific CancerAll RacesFemale 2.3
  • WhiteFemale 2.1
  • BlackFemale 3.8
  • Asian /
    Pacific Islander
    Female 1.7
  • American Indian /
    Alaska Native
    Female 2.8
  • HispanicFemale 2.6
  • Non-HispanicFemale 2.3

U.S. 2010-2014, Age-Adjusted

Trends in RatesShow More

Changes Over Time

Keeping track of the number of new cases, deaths, and survival over time (trends) can help scientists understand whether progress is being made and where additional research is needed to address challenges, such as improving screening or finding better treatments.

Using statistical models for analysis, rates for new cervix uteri cancer cases have not changed significantly over the last 10 years. Death rates have been falling on average 0.8% each year over 2005-2014. 5-year survival trends are shown below the figure.

More About This CancerShow More

Cancer and the Cervix

Anatomy of the female reproductive system; drawing shows the uterus, myometrium (muscular outer layer of the uterus), endometrium (inner lining of the uterus), ovaries, fallopian tubes, cervix, and vagina.
Figure: Female Reproductive Anatomy
Click to enlarge.

This cancer forms in tissues of the cervix (the organ connecting the uterus and vagina). It is usually a slow-growing cancer that may not have symptoms but can be found with regular Pap tests (a procedure in which cells are scraped from the cervix and looked at under a microscope). Cervical cancer is almost always caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) infection.

Additional Information

More Information

Here are some resources for learning more about cervical cancer.

References

All statistics in this report are based on statistics from SEER and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics. Most can be found within:

Howlader N, Noone AM, Krapcho M, Miller D, Bishop K, Kosary CL, Yu M, Ruhl J, Tatalovich Z, Mariotto A, Lewis DR, Chen HS, Feuer EJ, Cronin KA (eds). SEER Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2014, National Cancer Institute. Bethesda, MD, http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2014/, based on November 2016 SEER data submission, posted to the SEER web site, April 2017.

Suggested Citation

All material in this report is in the public domain and may be reproduced or copied without permission; citation as to source, however, is appreciated.

SEER Cancer Stat Facts: Cervix Uteri Cancer. National Cancer Institute. Bethesda, MD, http://seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/cervix.html

These stat facts focus on population statistics that are based on the US population. Because these statistics are based on large groups of people, they cannot be used to predict exactly what will happen to an individual patient. To see tailored statistics, browse the SEER Cancer Statistics Review. To see statistics for a specific state, go to the State Cancer Profiles.

The statistics presented in these stat facts are based on the most recent data available, most of which can be found in the SEER Cancer Statistics Review. In some cases, different year spans may be used. Estimates for the current year are based on past data.

Cancer is a complex topic. There is a wide range of information available. These stat facts do not address causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, follow-up care, or decision making, although links are provided to information in many of these areas.