Cancer Stat Facts: Lung and Bronchus Cancer

Statistics at a GlanceShow More

At a Glance

  • Estimated New Cases in 2017 222,500
  • % of All New Cancer Cases13.2%
  • Estimated Deaths in 2017 155,870
  • % of All
    Cancer Deaths
    25.9%

Percent Surviving
5 Years

18.1% 2007-2013

Number of New Cases and Deaths per 100,000: The number of new cases of lung and bronchus cancer was 55.8 per 100,000 men and women per year. The number of deaths was 44.7 per 100,000 men and women per year. These rates are age-adjusted and based on 2010-2014 cases and deaths.

Lifetime Risk of Developing Cancer: Approximately 6.4 percent of men and women will be diagnosed with lung and bronchus cancer at some point during their lifetime, based on 2012-2014 data.

Prevalence of This Cancer: In 2014, there were an estimated 527,228 people living with lung and bronchus cancer in the United States.

Survival StatisticsShow More

How Many People Survive 5 Years Or More after Being Diagnosed with Lung and Bronchus Cancer?

Relative survival statistics compare the survival of patients diagnosed with cancer with the survival of people in the general population who are the same age, race, and sex and who have not been diagnosed with cancer. Because survival statistics are based on large groups of people, they cannot be used to predict exactly what will happen to an individual patient. No two patients are entirely alike, and treatment and responses to treatment can vary greatly.

18.1%

Percent Surviving
5 Years

18.1%

Based on data from SEER 18 2007-2013. Gray figures represent those who have died from lung and bronchus cancer. Green figures represent those who have survived 5 years or more.

Additional Information

Cancer stage at diagnosis, which refers to extent of a cancer in the body, determines treatment options and has a strong influence on the length of survival. In general, if the cancer is found only in the part of the body where it started it is localized (sometimes referred to as stage 1). If it has spread to a different part of the body, the stage is regional or distant. The earlier lung and bronchus cancer is caught, the better chance a person has of surviving five years after being diagnosed. For lung and bronchus cancer, 15.9% are diagnosed at the local stage. The 5-year survival for localized lung and bronchus cancer is 55.6%.

Percent of Cases & 5-Year Relative Survival by Stage at Diagnosis: Lung and Bronchus Cancer
Percent of Cases by Stage
  • Localized (16%)
    Confined to Primary Site
  • Regional (22%)
    Spread to Regional Lymph Nodes
  • Distant (57%)
    Cancer Has Metastasized
  • Unknown (5%)
    Unstaged
16% localized; 22% regional; 57% distant; 5% unknown
5-Year Relative Survival
55.6% localized; 28.9% regional; 4.5% distant; 7.5% unstaged

SEER 18 2007-2013, All Races, Both Sexes by SEER Summary Stage 2000

Additional Information

Number of New Cases and DeathsShow More

How Common Is This Cancer?

Compared to other cancers, lung and bronchus cancer is fairly common.

Common Types of Cancer Estimated New
Cases 2017
Estimated
Deaths 2017
1. Breast Cancer (Female) 252,710 40,610
2. Lung and Bronchus Cancer 222,500 155,870
3. Prostate Cancer 161,360 26,730
4. Colon and Rectum Cancer 135,430 50,260
5. Melanoma of the Skin 87,110 9,730
6. Bladder Cancer 79,030 16,870
7. Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma 72,240 20,140
8. Kidney and Renal Pelvis Cancer 63,990 14,400
9. Leukemia 62,130 24,500
10. Endometrial Cancer 61,380 10,920

Lung and bronchus cancer represents 13.2% of all new cancer cases in the U.S.

13.2%

In 2017, it is estimated that there will be 222,500 new cases of lung and bronchus cancer and an estimated 155,870 people will die of this disease.

Lung cancer is more common in men than women, particularly African American men. Smoking is widely recognized as the leading cause of lung cancer. The number of new cases of lung and bronchus cancer was 55.8 per 100,000 men and women per year based on 2010-2014 cases.

Percent of New Cases by Age Group: Lung and Bronchus Cancer
0.0% under 20; 0.2% 20-34; 1.1% 35-44; 7.8% 45-54; 21.5% 55-64; 32.9% 65-74; 27.1% 75-84; 9.4% 85 and older

Lung and bronchus cancer is most frequently diagnosed among people aged 65-74.

Median Age
At Diagnosis

70

SEER 18 2010-2014, All Races, Both Sexes

Number of New Cases per 100,000 Persons by Race/Ethnicity & Sex: Lung and Bronchus Cancer
MalesFemales
  • Male 65.7All RacesFemale 48.4
  • Male 65.9WhiteFemale 50.8
  • Male 83.7BlackFemale 49.0
  • Male 46.4Asian /
    Pacific Islander
    Female 27.9
  • Male 46.9American Indian /
    Alaska Native
    Female 30.4
  • Male 35.3HispanicFemale 24.2
  • Male 69.8Non-HispanicFemale 51.8

SEER 18 2010-2014, Age-Adjusted

Death rates for lung cancer are higher among the middle-aged and older populations. Lung and bronchus cancer is the first leading cause of cancer death in the United States. The number of deaths was 44.7 per 100,000 men and women per year based on 2010-2014 deaths.

Percent of Deaths by Age Group: Lung and Bronchus Cancer
0.0% under 20; 0.1% 20-34; 0.8% 35-44; 7.0% 45-54; 20.0% 55-64; 31.3% 65-74; 28.7% 75-84; 12.0% 85 and older

The percent of lung and bronchus cancer deaths is highest among people aged 65-74.

Median Age
At Death

72

U.S. 2010-2014, All Races, Both Sexes

Number of Deaths per 100,000 Persons by Race/Ethnicity & Sex: Lung and Bronchus Cancer
MalesFemales
  • Male 55.9All RacesFemale 36.3
  • Male 55.9WhiteFemale 37.5
  • Male 68.0BlackFemale 34.6
  • Male 31.7Asian /
    Pacific Islander
    Female 18.0
  • Male 46.3American Indian /
    Alaska Native
    Female 30.8
  • Male 27.3HispanicFemale 13.4
  • Male 58.4Non-HispanicFemale 38.4

U.S. 2010-2014, Age-Adjusted

Trends in RatesShow More

Changes Over Time

Keeping track of the number of new cases, deaths, and survival over time (trends) can help scientists understand whether progress is being made and where additional research is needed to address challenges, such as improving screening or finding better treatments.

Using statistical models for analysis, rates for new lung and bronchus cancer cases have been falling on average 2.0% each year over the last 10 years. Death rates have been falling on average 2.5% each year over 2005-2014. 5-year survival trends are shown below the figure.

More About This CancerShow More

Cancer and the Lung

Respiratory anatomy; drawing shows right lung with upper, middle, and lower lobes; left lung with upper and lower lobes; and the trachea, bronchi, lymph nodes, and diaphragm. Inset shows bronchioles, alveoli, artery, and vein.
Figure: Respiratory Anatomy
Click to enlarge.

There are two main categories of lung cancer: non-small cell lung cancer and small cell lung cancer. Each type of non-small cell lung cancer has different of cancer cells, which grow and spread in different ways:

  • Squamous cell carcinoma (also called epidermoid carcinoma).
  • Large cell carcinoma: Cancer that may begin in several types of large cells.
  • Adenocarcinoma: Cancer that begins in the cells that line the alveoli and make substances such as mucus.

Other less common types of non-small cell lung cancer are: pleomorphic, carcinoid tumor, salivary gland carcinoma, and unclassified carcinoma.

There are two main types of small cell lung cancer, again according to cell type: small cell carcinoma (oat cell cancer) and combined small cell carcinoma.

Additional Information

More Information

Here are some resources for learning more about lung cancer.

References

All statistics in this report are based on statistics from SEER and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics. Most can be found within:

Howlader N, Noone AM, Krapcho M, Miller D, Bishop K, Kosary CL, Yu M, Ruhl J, Tatalovich Z, Mariotto A, Lewis DR, Chen HS, Feuer EJ, Cronin KA (eds). SEER Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2014, National Cancer Institute. Bethesda, MD, http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2014/, based on November 2016 SEER data submission, posted to the SEER web site, April 2017.

Suggested Citation

All material in this report is in the public domain and may be reproduced or copied without permission; citation as to source, however, is appreciated.

SEER Cancer Stat Facts: Lung and Bronchus Cancer. National Cancer Institute. Bethesda, MD, http://seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/lungb.html

These stat facts focus on population statistics that are based on the US population. Because these statistics are based on large groups of people, they cannot be used to predict exactly what will happen to an individual patient. To see tailored statistics, browse the SEER Cancer Statistics Review. To see statistics for a specific state, go to the State Cancer Profiles.

The statistics presented in these stat facts are based on the most recent data available, most of which can be found in the SEER Cancer Statistics Review. In some cases, different year spans may be used. Estimates for the current year are based on past data.

Cancer is a complex topic. There is a wide range of information available. These stat facts do not address causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, follow-up care, or decision making, although links are provided to information in many of these areas.