Statistics at a Glance

At a Glance

Estimated New Cases in 2019 27,510

% of All New Cancer Cases 1.6%

Estimated Deaths in 2019 11,140

% of All Cancer Deaths 1.8%

Percent Surviving
5 Years

31.5% 2009-2015
Year New Cases - SEER 9 New Cases - SEER 13 Deaths - U.S. Percent Surviving 5 Years - SEER 9
Observed Modeled Trend Observed Modeled Trend Observed Modeled Trend Observed Modeled Trend
1975 11.67 12.09 - - 8.51 8.43 14.34% 15.10%
1976 12.21 11.91 - - 8.30 8.21 16.52% 15.42%
1977 11.54 11.73 - - 7.91 8.00 14.99% 15.74%
1978 11.49 11.55 - - 7.73 7.80 16.23% 16.06%
1979 12.00 11.38 - - 7.56 7.60 16.43% 16.39%
1980 11.29 11.21 - - 7.36 7.41 15.85% 16.72%
1981 11.14 11.04 - - 7.25 7.22 17.06% 17.06%
1982 10.92 10.87 - - 7.02 7.03 18.30% 17.39%
1983 10.94 10.71 - - 6.83 6.85 16.85% 17.73%
1984 10.57 10.54 - - 6.78 6.68 15.73% 18.07%
1985 10.22 10.38 - - 6.51 6.51 17.61% 18.42%
1986 10.21 10.23 - - 6.36 6.34 19.88% 18.77%
1987 10.20 10.07 - - 6.18 6.18 18.23% 19.12%
1988 10.20 9.92 - - 6.08 6.16 21.06% 19.47%
1989 10.01 9.77 - - 6.21 6.15 20.25% 19.82%
1990 9.28 9.62 - - 6.07 6.13 20.08% 20.18%
1991 9.71 9.48 - - 6.00 5.95 20.64% 20.54%
1992 9.20 9.33 9.79 9.79 5.63 5.77 22.31% 20.90%
1993 9.03 9.19 9.68 9.67 5.62 5.59 19.28% 21.27%
1994 9.01 9.06 9.53 9.55 5.41 5.42 22.18% 21.63%
1995 8.34 8.92 9.25 9.43 5.35 5.26 22.12% 22.00%
1996 8.49 8.78 9.30 9.31 5.13 5.10 22.33% 22.37%
1997 8.61 8.65 9.21 9.19 4.94 4.95 22.01% 22.74%
1998 8.59 8.52 9.15 9.08 4.81 4.80 23.05% 23.12%
1999 8.58 8.39 9.24 8.96 4.64 4.65 23.37% 23.50%
2000 8.11 8.26 8.85 8.85 4.55 4.51 23.11% 24.24%
2001 7.79 8.14 8.40 8.74 4.37 4.38 26.63% 24.99%
2002 7.98 8.02 8.66 8.63 4.26 4.25 26.40% 25.75%
2003 7.81 7.90 8.49 8.52 4.15 4.12 28.33% 26.51%
2004 7.91 7.78 8.54 8.42 4.01 3.99 28.59% 27.28%
2005 7.49 7.66 8.18 8.31 3.82 3.87 26.10% 28.05%
2006 7.60 7.54 8.27 8.21 3.69 3.76 31.40% 28.83%
2007 7.29 7.43 8.14 8.10 3.64 3.64 29.32% 29.61%
2008 7.26 7.32 7.80 8.00 3.55 3.53 32.24% 30.39%
2009 7.45 7.21 8.19 7.90 3.43 3.43 31.88% 31.18%
2010 7.03 7.10 7.79 7.80 3.42 3.36 30.72% 31.97%
2011 7.25 6.99 7.82 7.70 3.25 3.30 31.14% 32.77%
2012 7.07 6.88 7.79 7.61 3.22 3.24 - 33.56%
2013 6.83 6.78 7.57 7.51 3.17 3.18 - 34.36%
2014 6.65 6.68 7.36 7.42 3.12 3.12 - 35.16%
2015 6.55 6.58 7.10 7.33 3.07 3.06 - 35.96%
2016 6.55 6.48 7.17 7.23 3.02 3.01 - 36.76%

Modeled trend lines were calculated from the underlying rates using the Joinpoint Trend Analysis Software.


Number of New Cases and Deaths per 100,000: The number of new cases of stomach cancer was 7.4 per 100,000 men and women per year. The number of deaths was 3.1 per 100,000 men and women per year. These rates are age-adjusted and based on 2012-2016 cases and deaths.

Lifetime Risk of Developing Cancer: Approximately 0.9 percent of men and women will be diagnosed with stomach cancer at some point during their lifetime, based on 2014-2016 data.

Prevalence of This Cancer: In 2016, there were an estimated 113,054 people living with stomach cancer in the United States.

Survival Statistics

How Many People Survive 5 Years Or More after Being Diagnosed with Stomach Cancer?

Relative survival statistics compare the survival of patients diagnosed with cancer with the survival of people in the general population who are the same age, race, and sex and who have not been diagnosed with cancer. Because survival statistics are based on large groups of people, they cannot be used to predict exactly what will happen to an individual patient. No two patients are entirely alike, and treatment and responses to treatment can vary greatly.

31.5%

Percent Surviving
5 Years

31.5%

Based on data from SEER 18 2009-2015. Gray figures represent those who have died from stomach cancer. Green figures represent those who have survived 5 years or more.

Additional Information

Survival by Stage

Cancer stage at diagnosis, which refers to extent of a cancer in the body, determines treatment options and has a strong influence on the length of survival. In general, if the cancer is found only in the part of the body where it started it is localized (sometimes referred to as stage 1). If it has spread to a different part of the body, the stage is regional or distant. The earlier stomach cancer is caught, the better chance a person has of surviving five years after being diagnosed. For stomach cancer, 28.0% are diagnosed at the local stage. The 5-year survival for localized stomach cancer is 68.8%.

Percent of Cases & 5-Year Relative Survival by Stage at Diagnosis: Stomach Cancer
Stage Percent of Cases 5-Year Relative Survival
Localized
Confined to Primary Site
28% 68.8%
Regional
Spread to Regional Lymph Nodes
26% 31.0%
Distant
Cancer Has Metastasized
36% 5.3%
Unknown
Unstaged
10% 23.0%

SEER 18 2009-2015, All Races, Both Sexes by SEER Summary Stage 2000

Additional Information

Number of New Cases and Deaths

How Common Is This Cancer?

Compared to other cancers, stomach cancer is relatively rare.

Rank Common Types of Cancer Estimated New
Cases 2019
Estimated
Deaths 2019
1. Breast Cancer (Female) 268,600 41,760
2. Lung and Bronchus Cancer 228,150 142,670
3. Prostate Cancer 174,650 31,620
4. Colorectal Cancer 145,600 51,020
5. Melanoma of the Skin 96,480 7,230
6. Bladder Cancer 80,470 17,670
7. Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma 74,200 19,970
8. Kidney and Renal Pelvis Cancer 73,820 14,770
9. Uterine Cancer 61,880 12,160
10. Leukemia 61,780 22,840
- - -
15. Stomach Cancer 27,510 11,140

Stomach cancer represents 1.6% of all new cancer cases in the U.S.

1.6%

In 2019, it is estimated that there will be 27,510 new cases of stomach cancer and an estimated 11,140 people will die of this disease.

Who Gets This Cancer?

Stomach cancer is more common in men than women and among other races and ethnicities than non-Hispanic whites. Age, diet and stomach disease, including infection with Helicobacter pylori can affect the risk of developing stomach cancer. The number of new cases of stomach cancer was 7.4 per 100,000 men and women per year based on 2012-2016 cases.

Number of New Cases per 100,000 Persons by Race/Ethnicity & Sex: Stomach Cancer
Males
All Races 10.0
White 8.9
Black 14.1
Asian/Pacific Islander 14.3
American Indian/Alaska Native 11.5
Hispanic 13.0
Non-Hispanic 9.5
Females
All Races 5.3
White 4.6
Black 7.7
Asian/Pacific Islander 8.2
American Indian/Alaska Native 6.4
Hispanic 8.5
Non-Hispanic 4.8

SEER 21 2012-2016, Age-Adjusted

Percent of New Cases by Age Group: Stomach Cancer
Age Range Percent of New Cases
<20 0.1%
20-34 1.6%
35-44 4.3%
45-54 11.7%
55-64 21.7%
65-74 26.5%
75-84 22.5%
>84 11.5%

Stomach cancer is most frequently diagnosed among people aged 65-74.

Median Age
At Diagnosis

68

SEER 21 2012-2016, All Races, Both Sexes

Who Dies From This Cancer?

For stomach cancer, death rates increase with age. The number of deaths was 3.1 per 100,000 men and women per year based on 2012-2016 deaths.

Number of Deaths per 100,000 Persons by Race/Ethnicity & Sex: Stomach Cancer
Males
All Races 4.2
White 3.7
Black 8.2
Asian/Pacific Islander 6.8
American Indian/Alaska Native 6.9
Hispanic 6.5
Non-Hispanic 4.0
Females
All Races 2.3
White 2.0
Black 3.8
Asian/Pacific Islander 4.2
American Indian/Alaska Native 3.6
Hispanic 4.0
Non-Hispanic 2.1

U.S. 2012-2016, Age-Adjusted

Percent of Deaths by Age Group: Stomach Cancer
Age Range Percent of Deaths
<20 0.0%
20-34 1.3%
35-44 3.7%
45-54 10.0%
55-64 19.1%
65-74 23.8%
75-84 24.9%
>84 17.1%

The percent of stomach cancer deaths is highest among people aged 75-84.

Median Age
At Death

71

U.S. 2012-2016, All Races, Both Sexes

Trends in Rates

Changes Over Time

Keeping track of the number of new cases, deaths, and survival over time (trends) can help scientists understand whether progress is being made and where additional research is needed to address challenges, such as improving screening or finding better treatments.

Using statistical models for analysis, rates for new stomach cancer cases have been falling on average 1.5% each year over the last 10 years. Death rates have been falling on average 2.1% each year over 2007-2016. 5-year survival trends are shown below.

More About This Cancer

Cancer and the Stomach

Figure: Anatomy of the Digestive System

Figure: Gastrointestinal (digestive) system anatomy; shows esophagus, liver, stomach, large intestine, and small intestine.

The wall of the stomach is made up of 3 layers of tissue: the mucosal (innermost) layer, the muscularis (middle) layer, and the serosal (outermost) layer. Gastric cancer begins in the cells lining the mucosal layer and spreads through the outer layers as it grows.

Stromal tumors of the stomach begin in supporting connective tissue and are treated differently from gastric cancer. See the PDQ summary on Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors Treatment for more information.

Additional Information

More Information

Here are some resources for learning more about stomach cancer.

References

All statistics in this report are based on statistics from SEER and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics. Most can be found within:

Howlader N, Noone AM, Krapcho M, Miller D, Brest A, Yu M, Ruhl J, Tatalovich Z, Mariotto A, Lewis DR, Chen HS, Feuer EJ, Cronin KA (eds). SEER Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2016, National Cancer Institute. Bethesda, MD, https://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2016/, based on November 2018 SEER data submission, posted to the SEER web site, April 2019.

Suggested Citation

All material in this report is in the public domain and may be reproduced or copied without permission; citation as to source, however, is appreciated.

SEER Cancer Stat Facts: Stomach Cancer. National Cancer Institute. Bethesda, MD, https://seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/stomach.html

These stat facts focus on population statistics that are based on the U.S. population. Because these statistics are based on large groups of people, they cannot be used to predict exactly what will happen to an individual patient. To see tailored statistics, browse the SEER Cancer Statistics Review. To see statistics for a specific state, go to the State Cancer Profiles.

The statistics presented in these stat facts are based on the most recent data available, most of which can be found in the SEER Cancer Statistics Review. In some cases, different year spans may be used. Estimates for the current year are based on past data.

Cancer is a complex topic. There is a wide range of information available. These stat facts do not address causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, follow-up care, or decision making, although links are provided to information in many of these areas.